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Socio-Psychological Situation as a Characteristic of the Educational Institution Uniqueness
Pogodina A.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Head of Management Psychology Chair, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Kotlyar M.L., Post-graduate Student, Chair of Psychology of Management, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper analyzes the representations of the major educational process participants (students, teachers and representatives of the school administration) concerning the various elements of the socio-psychological situation in the educational institution. We assumed that the substantive characteristics of socio-psychological situation are reflected in the representations of the major participants of the educational process, which can help to define the degree of homogeneity of representations in students and teachers, as well as the uniqueness of socio-psychological situation in an educational institution. We describe the progress and the results of research conducted in Moscow on the basis of state educational institutions of various profiles (gymnasium with intensive study of English secondary school with ethno-cultural component), which was attended by 308 people, 235 of whom were students, and 73 were teachers and representatives of the school administration. We reveal the features of representation of different participants of the educational process about such elements of socio-psychological situation as leadership style, the type of organizational culture and the parameters of social and psychological climate in the educational institution. We describe significant differences in the expression of the elements of social and psychological situation in educational institutions of various types.