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  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 10, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Interrelation of Psychological Defense Mechanisms and Time Perspective during Middle Adulthood

Kuznetsova O.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the chair of developmental psychology named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia,
Petrushova I.V., Post-graduate Student, Chair of age-related psychology at the faculty of educational psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia,
The article discloses the problem of connection of psychological defense mechanisms and time perspective during middle adulthood. The research was conducted considering the modern ideas of psychological defense mechanisms and time perspective of the personality. As a result of the stating experiment the data confirming existence of correlation between defense mechanisms, temporal orientation, extent of future perspective and event saturation of the different temporal periods have been obtained. High tension psychological defenses and some primitive psychological defenses are associated with a focus on the negative past and fatalistic present; this combination characterizes the personality as insufficiently mature. More primitive defenses are connected with adverse temporal orientation (the negative past and the fatalistic present), more mature - with favorable orientation (future). Results of the study can be used in psychological counseling in order to enhance personal development and social adaptation.

Keywords: middle adulthood, defense mechanisms, tension of defense mechanisms, time perspective, time perspective during middle adulthood, psychological time of personality, time perception

Column: Developmental Psychology


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