Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 11, no. 2)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Competence Approach in the Scientific Paradigm of Russian Education 596

Ulyanina O.A., PhD in Sociology, associate Professor, Department of psychology, pedagogy and organization of work with staff, The Academy of management of MIA of Russia, Moscow, Russia, Lelia34@mail.ru
Abstract
The article analyzes the essence and content of the competence approach in education from the position of domestic researchers. The stages of formation and development of the indicated approach are described: the first stage of categorically–conceptual uncertainty; the second stage of the existence of multiple interpretations of key categorical units and the blurring of the boundaries of concepts competence / competence; the third stage of legal consolidation of the above–mentioned concepts at the state level. The necessity of changing the educational paradigm is substantiated, the existing problems in the preparation of specialists competitive on the labor market are noted. The circle of unresolved questions in the competence approach and the ambiguity of the interpretations of its key conceptual units are outlined. In this connection, the existing views of the scientific community are being studied both on the correlation of the concepts of competence / competence and on their content characteristics. Based on the examination of existing approaches, it is concluded that competence is a systemic concept, as an important new formation of the individual, which arises in the course of training and the subsequent development of professional activity, and competence as its component. Through the prism of the description of the categorical–conceptual apparatus of the competence approach, its conceptual positions in the theory and practice of modern education and training of personnel are examined.

Keywords: competence approach, competence, competence, professional education

Column: Educational Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2018100212

For Reference

References
  1. Andreev A. Znanie ili kompetentsii? [Knowledge or competence?]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Высшее образование в России], 2005, no. 2, pp. 3–11.
  2. Aronov A.M. Stanovlenie professional'noi analiticheskoi kompetentnosti v vysshem pedagogicheskom obrazovanii [Electronic Resource] [Formation of professional analytical competence in higher pedagogical education]. URL: http://www. sworld. com ua/index.php/ru/current–status–and–the–development–of–the–education–c112/11990 (Accessed 21.02.2018).
  3. Bazarov T.Yu. Tekhnologiya tsentrov otsenki personala: protsessy i rezul'taty: prakticheskoe posobie [Technology of personnel assessment centers: processes and results: a practical guide]. Moscow, 2011. 304 p.
  4. Belkin A.PP. Kompetentnost'. Professionalizm. Masterstvo [Competence. Professionalism. Mastery]. Chelyabinsk, 2004. 176 p.
  5. Bermus A.G. Problemy i perspektivy realizatsii kompetentnostnogo podkhoda v obrazovanii [Electronic Resource] [Problems and prospects for implementing a competence approach in education]. Internet–zhurnal «Eidos» [Internet–magazine «Eidos»], 2005. URL: http://www.eidopp.ru/journal/2005/0910–12.htm (Accessed 01.03.2018).
  6. Bogolyubov L.N. Bazovye sotsial'nye kompetentsii v kurse obshchestvovedeniya [Basic social competencies in the course of social science]. Prepodavanie istorii i obshchestvoznaniya v shkole [Teaching history and social studies in school], 2002, no. 9, pp. 22–23.
  7. Bolotov V.A., Rubtsov V.V., Froumin I.D., Margolis A.A., Kasprzhak A.G., Safronova M.A., Kalashnikov S.P. Informatsionno-analiticheskie materialy po itogam pervogo etapa proekta «Modernizatsiya pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya» [Information Analysis Products on the First Phase Results of the Project Modernization of Pedagogical Education]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2015, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 13-28. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Bolotov V.A., Serikov V.V. Kompetentnostnaya model': ot idei k obrazovatel'–noi programme [Competent model: from idea to educational program]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 2003, no. 10, pp. 8–14.
  9. Brazhe T.G. Sootnesenie ob"ektivnogo i sub"ektivnogo etalona professionalizma kak odno iz napravlenii raboty s uchitelem v sisteme povysheniya kvalifikatsii [Correlation of the objective and subjective standard of professionalism as one of the directions of work with the teacher in the system of professional development]. Sovremennye adaptivnye sistemy obrazovaniya vzroslykh [Modern adaptive adult education systems]. Sankt–Peterburg, 2002, pp. 25–30.
  10. Vvedenskii V.N. Professional'naya kompetentnost' pedagoga: Posobie dlya uchitelya [Professional competence of the teacher: a manual for the teacher]. Sankt–Peterburg, 2004. 159 p.
  11. Davidovich V. Sud'ba filosofii na rubezhe tysyacheletii [The fate of philosophy at the turn of the millennium]. Vestnik vysshei shkoly [Herald of Higher School], 2003, no. 3, pp. 4–15.
  12. Davydov V.V. Nauchnoe obespechenie obrazovaniya v svete novogo pedagogicheskogo myshleniya [Scientific provision of education in the light of new pedagogical thinking]. Novoe pedagogicheskoe myshlenie [Scientific provision of education in the light of new pedagogical thinking], Moscow, 1989, pp. 76–78.
  13. Dubrovina I.V., Lubovskii D.V. Razvitie psikhologicheskoi kul'tury obuchayushchikhsya v kontekste realizatsii obrazovatel'nykh standartov [Development of the psychological culture of students in the context of the implementation of educational standards]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2017, no. 6, pp. 25–33. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  14. Emel'yanova I.N. Model' formirovaniya nauchno–issledovatel'skikh kompetentsii u studentov magistratury [The model of the formation of research competence in students of the master's program]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2017, no. 3, pp. 37–45. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  15. Ermakov D.S. Informatsionnaya kompetentnost' v informatsionnom obshchestve [Information competence in the information society]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 2013, no. 2, pp. 26–30.
  16. Zimnyaya I.A. Kompetentsiya i kompetentnost' v kontekste kompetentnostnogo podkhoda [Competence and competence in the context of a competence approach]. Uchenye zapiski natsional'nogo obshchestva prikladnoi lingvistiki [Scientific notes of the National Society of Applied Linguistics], 2013, no. 4 (4), pp. 16–31.
  17. Kostrova Yu.PP. Genezis ponyatii «kompetentsiya» i «kompetentnost'» [Genesis of the concepts «competence» and «competence»]. Molodoi uchenyi [Young Scientist], 2011, no. 12, T. 2, pp. 58–60.
  18. Kuz'mina N.V. Professionalizm lichnosti prepodavatelya i mastera proizvodstvennogo obucheniya [The professionalism of the teacher's personality and the master of industrial training]. Moscow, 1990. 119 p.
  19. Landsheer V. Kontseptsiya «minimal'noi kompetentnosti» [The concept of «minimum competence»]. Perspektivy. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Prospects. Education issues], 1988, no. 1, pp. 24–26.
  20. Lapchik M.I. IKT–kompetentnost' pedagogicheskikh kadrov [ICT competence of teachers]. Omsk, 2007. 144 p.
  21. Lednev V.S., Nikandrov N.D., Ryzhakov M.V. Gosudarstvennye obrazovatel'nye standarty v sisteme obshchego obrazovaniya: teoriya i praktika [State educational standards in the general education system: theory and practice]. Moscow, 2002. 384 p.
  22. Markova A.K. Akmeologicheskoe soderzhanie professional'nogo stanovleniya psikhologa v sfere obrazovaniya [Akmeological content of the professional development of a psychologist in the field of education]. Akmeologiya [Acmeology], 2003, no. 3 (7), pp. 47–50.
  23. Nechaev N.N., Reznitskaya G.I. Formirovanie kommunikativnoi kompetentsii kak uslovie stanovleniya professional'nogo soznaniya spetsialista [Formation of communicative competence as a condition for the formation of professional consciousness of a specialist]. Vestnik Universiteta Rossiiskoi akademii obrazovaniya [Bulletin of the University of the Russian Academy of Education], 2002, no. 1, pp. 3–21.
  24. Ovcharenko G.V. Upravlenie sozdaniem innovatsionnogo znaniya v sovremennoi organizatsii [Management of the creation of innovative knowledge in a modern organization]. Gosudarstvennoe i munitsipal'noe upravlenie. Uchenye zapiski SKAGPP [State and municipal management. Scientific notes of SKAGS], 2016, no. 2, pp. 35–42.
  25. Ponomarev A.V. Sotsial'no–pedagogicheskaya funktsiya vuza v vospitanii sovremennogo spetsialista: monografiya [Socio–pedagogical function of the university in the education of a modern specialist: monograph]. Moscow, 2009. 430 p.
  26. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15.04.2014 no. 295 (red. ot 31.03.2017) «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoi programmy Rossiiskoi Federatsii «Razvitie obrazovaniya» na 2013 – 2020 gody» [Electronic Resource] [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 15, 2014 no.. 295 (revised as of March 31, 2017) «On the approval of the state program of the Russian Federation «Development of Education» for 2013–2020»]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_162182/ (Accessed 28.11.2017).
  27. Rasporyazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.12.2014 no. 2765–r «O Kontseptsii Federal'noi tselevoi programmy razvitiya obrazovaniya na 2016 – 2020 gody» [Electronic Resource] [Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 2765–r of December 29, 2014 «On the Concept of the Federal Targeted Program for the Development of Education for 2016–2020»]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_173677/ (Accessed 13.01.2018).
  28. Slobodskoi A.L., Klementovichus Ya.Ya., Smirnova O.D. Upravlenie kompetentsiyami [Competency Management]. Sankt–Peterburg, 2003. 75 p.
  29. Khutorskoi A.V. Klyuchevye kompetentsii kak komponent lichnostno-orientirovannogo obrazovaniya [Key competencies as a component of personality-oriented education]. Narodnoe obrazovanie [Public education], 2003, no. 2, pp. 58–64.
  30. Choshanov M.A. Gibkaya psikhologiya problemno–modul'nogo obucheniya [Flexible psychology of problem–module training]. Moscow, 1997. 152 p.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика