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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 10, no. 1)

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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Language in the Structure of Ethnic and Religious Identity of Chechen and Ingush People

Pavlova O.S., Ph.D. in Pedagogy, chair of ethnopsychology and psychological problems in multicultural education, associate professor, chair of pedagogical psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Moscow, Russia, os_pavlova@mail.ru
Abstract
The paper presents results of an analysis aimed at revealing the role of language in the structure of ethnic and religious (confessional) identity of Chechens and Ingush. The research data indicates that for the vast majority of the respondents native language is Chechen and Ingush respectively. According to the respondents, native language is a fundamental ethno-differentiating and ethno-integrating factor and a key cultural value as well. The extent to which the respondents have acquired their native language varies across the sample: some speak a mixture of Chechen and Russian or Ingush and Russian languages, and some are not able to write in their native language. Arabic language acts as a marker of religious (confessional) identi- ty and a means for religious communication in ethnic groups practising Islam. It is quite common for Chechens and Ingush to use arabisms when speaking both their native language and Russian — it is an established practice with a long history. All in all, the linguistic landscape of the Chechen and Ingush societies is marked by signifi- cant language diffusion and mixing.

Keywords: Chechens, Ingush, Vainakh, ethnic identity, religious (confessional) identity, linguistic (language-based) world picture, bilingualism, polylinguomental personality

Column: Experimental Research

For Reference

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