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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

Published quarterly

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Features of Social Cognition in Late Adulthood 2482

Melehin A.I., PhD in Psychology, Clinical psychologist of the highest category, Rehabilitation Clinic in Khamovniki District, Medical center "Laguna Med", Moscow, Russia, clinmelehin@yandex.ru
Sergienko E.A., Doctor of Psychology, leading researcher, Institute of psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, elenas13@mail.ru
Abstract
The paper presents outcomes of researches on the central component of social cognition — theory of mind in late adulthood. The outcomes show that, in normal aging, in advanced adulthood (55—74 years) as well as in old age (75—90 years) there are several qualitative changes in the affective (understanding and differentiation of emotions) and cognitive (understanding irony and deceit) components of theory of mind. Also, at these ages individuals may develop various forms of theory of mind deficits. They may encounter difficulties with reading facial expressions and recognizing other people’s emotions. It becomes harder for them to recognize negative emotions (such as sorrow, fear, anger) than positive ones (joy). The paper describes features of pragmatic interpretation of events and understanding of deceit and irony in late adulthood.

Keywords: social cognition, theory of mind, theory of mind deficit, understanding emotions, understanding irony, understanding deceit, late adulthood

Column: Experimental Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps.2015060405

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