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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Published quarterly

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Self-relation and relations with significant adults as factors of satisfaction with life in adolescents 2099

Golovey L.A., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Developmental and Differential Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, lgolovey@yandex.ru
Danilova M.V., PhD in Biology, Leading Researcher, Laboratory of physiology of vision, Pavlov Institute of Physiology, St.Petersburg, Russia, mar.danilova@gmail.com
Danilova Y.Y., graduate student (Psychology), Saint-Petersburg State University, jdanilova@mail.ru
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of factors influencing life satisfaction of teenagers raised in families as well as those raised in orphanages. Both groups are studied with regard to their self-attitude, self-confidence and relationships with significant adults. Sample: 96 teenagers aged between 14 and 16 years (46 of them live in or- phanages). Methods: Self-attitude methodology by S.R. Pantileev, Trust questionnaire by T.P. Skripkina, Child-parent relationships questionnaire by O.A. Karabanova and P.V. Troyanskaya, Life Satisfaction scale by E. Diner. The research proved the level of trust in orphanage-raised teenagers to be considerably lower than that of family-raised teenagers. The way teenagers see their relationships with significant adults also turned out to be fairly different in case of orphanage-raised groups due to their caregivers' authoritarian attitude towards them and lack of empathy and communication. The study also shows that the level of life satisfaction in the orphanage group is significantly below the average and substantially lower than in the group from family-raised teenagers. Positive self-attitude, person’s approval of his/ her intellectual capacities, as well as the caregiver's understanding of his pupil's features, are predictors of life satisfaction in the group of teenagers from orphanages. Concerning the family-raised teenagers, much more factors are involved in maintaining their subjective well-being. The research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities (project № 16-06-00307а “Psycho-emotional well-being and ways of personality self-fulfillment in adolescent and adult periods of development”).

Keywords: subjective well-being, life satisfaction, personality, self-attitude, interpersonal relations, developmental environment, family-raised teenagers, orphanage- raised teenagers

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps.2017080107

For Reference

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