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Social Psychology and Society

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2221-1527

ISSN (online): 2311-7052

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2010

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Psychological essentialism: development and adaptation the scale

Agadullina E., Ph.D. in Psychology, senior lecturer, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, eagadullina@hse.ru
Chumakova M.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of economics, Moscow, Russia, mchumakova@hse.ru
Abstract
The article presents the results of the development and approbation of the scale of psychological essentialism (belief in invariability of group membership). The results of confirmatory factor analysis conducted on eight different groups (ethnic (Russians / Tajiks / Jews), gender groups (men / women), homosexuals (gay / lesbians) and religious groups (Orthodox / Muslim)) (n = 897), demonstrated the good fit to empirical data. The multi-group confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the different groups measured on the scale, can be compared with each other within a single category. The scale shows good convergent and discriminant validity. On the one hand, psychological essentialism associated with group entitativity, group identification, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation and justification the social hierarchy; on the other hand there are not correlation between the psychological essentialism and open to experience and attitude to novelty.

Keywords: essentialism, social beliefs, entitativity

Column: Methodological Tools

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/sps.2017080311

For Reference

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