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Tätigkeitstheorie: E-Journal for Activity Theoretical Research in Germany

Publisher: Georg Rückriem & Hartmut Giest

ISSN: 2191-6667

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Psychological and Pedagogical Approach to Designing Developmental Computer Programs for Senior Preschool Children

Kremlyova A.
Smirnova E.O., Doctor in Psychology, Head of the Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Expertise of Play and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, smirneo@mail.ru
Abstract
This article decribes the specifics of using computers and computer programs in developmental work with children of preschool age. The concept of a computer game and the activity mediated by the computer is discussed. We present analysis of modern computer programs for preschool children, including shortcomings and risks of the usage of entertainment programs. Design stages of the computer program from the point of view of activity approach are introduced. Two types of developmental computer programs are appointed: closed and open type. Advantages of programs of open (creative) type are shown. The contents of a uniquely designed computer program of open (creative) type are described, with indication of the principles that methodology of the lessons is based upon. Finally, we present the results of a formative experiment, which showed that the developmental computer program and the suggested methodology of lessons promote development of certain components of systemic thinking, general integral indicator of systematic, as well as flexibility of thinking and imagination of senior preschool children.

Keywords: preschool age , computer game , developmental computer program , design of computer program , development of thinking creativity

For Reference

References
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