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Культурно-историческая психология

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

ISSN (печатная версия): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Лицензия: CC BY-NC 4.0

Издается с 2005 года

Периодичность: 4 номера в год

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Диалогическое и диалектическое: квинтэссенция педагогики Выготского 1698

Дэниелс Г., PhD, профессор, научный сотрудник, факультет образования, колледж Грин Темплтон, Оксфорд, Великобритания, harry.daniels@education.ox.ac.uk

Аннотация

В данной статье рассматривается использование понятий «диалогическое» и «диалектическое» с точки зрения развития направления в педагогике, которое вполне заслуженно можно было бы наименовать «выготскианским». Русское слово «обучение» часто переводится на английский как «instruction»; действительно, культурная нагрузка педагогики, построенной на передаче знаний, напоминает тот смысл обучения, который заключен в английском «instruction». Однако английский переводчик Давыдова полагает, что «teaching» или даже «teaching-learning» — более уместный вариант перевода для слова «обучение», поскольку охватывает сразу всю полноту деятельности педагога, нацеленную на умственное развитие и рост ребенка. Именно в основе этого очень «русского» понятия обучения лежит представление о диалектических процессах, олицетворяющих внутренние и межличностные диалоги. В данной статье предпринята попытка дать педагогическое обоснование подобного представления.

Ключевые слова: диалог, диалектика, педагогика, противоречие, Выготский Л.С.

Рубрика: Выготсковедение

Тип: научная статья

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Фрагмент статьи

Vygotsky considered the capacity to teach and to benefit from instruction is a fundamental attribute of human beings. "Vygotsky's primary contribution was in developing a general approach that brought education, as a fundamental human activity, fully into a theory of psychological development. Human pedagogy, in all its forms, is the defining characteristic of his approach, the central concept in his system" (Moll, 1990, p. 15) .

Литература
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