Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 18, no. 1)

Autism and Developmental Disorders

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1994-1617

ISSN (online): 2413-4317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2003

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

On Affective States and the Use of Affect in DIR Floortime Clinical Practice 699

Itskovich G.
LCSW-R, Master’s in Social Work, is a psychotherapist in private practice, and the DIR-Expert, ICDL, New York, USA
e-mail: galaitsk@gmail.com

Abstract
The leading role of affect became the premise of DIRFloortime. Ideas of S. Greenspan are confirmed by S. Porges who sees affective experience as driving force of the evolutionary process. Incidentally, children on the autistic spectrum operate within a limited repertoire of explicit emotions; it is the lack of affective expression that usually gets in a way of building meaningful connections. However, therapeutically sound range of affective initiations and responses has been studied very little. This paper examines the definition of affect within DIRFloortime framework, as compared to more conventional, albeit controversial, use of this term in the psychiatric practice. It is expected of a seasoned DIR provider to be able to identify his or her own affective state and corresponding mood fluctuations, to make use of interoceptive messages, and eventually, in the course of the therapeutic intervention, adjust it as s/he goes. In order to achieve these goals, one needs to develop working knowledge of the recent theories of neuroception, namely, polyvagal response and its link to affective experiences. Affective states, their types and intensity, need to be tailored down to meet and modulate the child’s affect; this paves the road to designing effective intervention plans. The path to effective affect modulation starts with the provider’s self-awareness. Practical considerations and strategies are discussed.

Keywords: autistic spectrum disorder, disorders of regulation, affective states, DIRFloortime, polyvagal theory, neuroception, therapeutic use of self

Column: (null)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2019170202

For Reference

References
  1. Winnicott D.W. Igra i real’nost’ [Playing and Reality]. Moscow: Publ. Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2002. 288 p.
  2. Greenspan S.I., Wieder S. Na ty s autizmom: ispol’zovanie metodiki Floortime dlya razvitiya otnoshenii, obshcheniya i myshleniya [Engaging Autism: The Floortime Approach to Helping Children Relate, Communicate and Think]. Moscow : Publ. Terevinf, 2013. 512 p.
  3. Beauchaine T.P., Gatzke-Kopp L., Mead H.K. Polyvagal Theory and Developmental Psychopathology: Emotion Dysregulation and Conduct Problems from Preschool to Adolescence. Biol Psychol, 2007. Feb; 74(2): 174—184.
  4. Delahooke M. Beyond Behaviors: Using Brain Science and Compassion to Understand and Solve Children’s Behavioral Challenges. Gateway: 1st Ed., 2019.
  5. Feldman R. Mother-Infant Skin-to-Skin Contact (Kangaroo Care): Theoretical, Clinical, and Empirical Aspects. Infants and young children. April 2004, 17(2):145—161.
  6. Fosha D. (ed.), Siegel Daniel J (ed.), UCLA School of Medicine), Solomon Marion (ed.). The Healing Power of Emotion, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Co. 2009. 349. 27-54.
  7. Greenspan S.I., Greenspan N.T. First feelings: Milestones in the emotional development of your infant and child from birth to age 4. New York: Viking Press, 1985.
  8. Greenspan S.I. The Role of Affect. Audiolecture, ICDL. https://www.floortime.org/mod/url/view. php?id=48947
  9. Greenspan S.I. The affect diathesis hypothesis: The Role of Emotions in the Core Deficit in Autism and in the Development of Intelligence and Social Skills. J. Dev. Learn. Disord, 2001. 5.
  10. Hrabovska S.V., Salyha Yu.T. (2017). Animal Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders and Behavioral Techniques of their Examination, Neurophysiology, 10.1007/s11062-017-9613-2, 48, 5, (380—388), 381.
  11. Kaplan H.I., Sadock B.J., Grebb J.A. Kaplan and Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences, clinical psychiatry, 1994. (7th ed.). Baltimore, MD.
  12. LaPierre A. The Language of Neuroception & the Bodily Self. (2007). Hakomi Forum, Issue 18, 39.
  13. LoParo D., Waldman I.D. The oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) is associated with autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis. Molecular Psychiatry, 2015. Vol. 20, 640—646.
  14. Porges S. Neuroception: A Subconscious System for Detecting Threats and Safety. ZERO TO THREE. 24. 2004
  15. Rogers C.A. Way of Being. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. 414, pp. 15—16.
  16. Serby M. Psychiatric Resident Conceptualizations of Mood and Affect Within the Mental Status Examination M.D. Am J Psychiatry, 2003; 160:1527—1529
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????