Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 18, no. 1)

Autism and Developmental Disorders

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1994-1617

ISSN (online): 2413-4317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2003

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Model of Imposed Adaptation in Childhood Learning Environments — Application to Autism. A precarious game of developmental Jenga 1003

Spielmann V.
PhD, Executive Director, USA STAR Institute for SPD, USA
e-mail: virginia.spielmann@spdstar.org

Porter L. M.
Doctor of Occupational Therapy, USA Sensory KIDS, USA
e-mail: lannt06@gmail.com

Abstract
Academic and social expectations place ever-increasing stressors on young children. The failings of our academic system to address these concerns greatly impact the general population but may be even more harmful for children on the autism spectrum, who are shown to have significantly higher rates of anxiety, depression, and suicide in later life. The relational and ecological demands indiscriminately placed on autistic children to achieve one-size-fits-all academic learning goals is examined in this paper, along with current evidence exploring the risks faced by autistic youth. Sensory Integration theory posits that brain development and function are driven by actions of the environment upon an organism, and correspondingly the reactions of that same organism on the environment. This notion, an important principle of pediatric occupational therapy, fits within a dynamic systems approach to child development, where environment, relationship, neurobiology and genetics co-act and self-organize through dynamically sustained states. An idea foundational to the proposed model in this paper. We will explore this model using the analogy of Jenga towers to discuss some of the hazards that a reductionist approach to education pose to child development. Finally, questions are asked regarding the implications of these adaptive responses from the perspective of dynamic systems theory.

Keywords: child development, autism, camouflaging, sensory integration, dynamic systems theory, environment, education

Column: (null)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2019170203

For Reference

References
  1. About Autistic Self Advocacy Network [Web resource]. URL: https://autisticadvocacy.org/aboutasan/ (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  2. Ayres A.J. Sensory integration and learning disorders. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services, 1973. 294 p.
  3. Baio J., Wiggins L., Christensen D.L., Maenner M J., Daniels J., Warren Z., Durkin M.S., et al. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2014. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Surveillance summaries, 2018, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 1—23.
  4.  Bargiela S., Steward R., Mandy W. The experiences of late-diagnosed women with autism spectrum conditions: an investigation of the female autism phenotype. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016. vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 3281—3294.
  5. Blanchard S. [Book review] Anatomy Trains: Myofascial Meridians for Manual and Movement Therapists, T.W. Myers, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, China, 2014, 317 pp., ISBN: 978-0-7020- 4654-4. Physical Therapy in Sport, 2014, vol. 15, no. 4, p. 269. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.08.005
  6. Carlsson-Paige N., McLaughlin G.B., Almon J.W. Reading instruction in kindergarten: Little to gain and much to lose. Boston: Defending the Early Years; Alliance for Childhood, 2015.
  7. Cassidy S., Rodgers J. Understanding and prevention of suicide in autism. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2017, vol. 4, no. 6, p. e11. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30162-1
  8. Cofer L.F. Dynamic views of education. In Fogel A., King B.J., S. G. Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 128— 135.
  9. Definition of Milestones. [Web resource] URL: http://www.indiaparenting.com/childdevelopment/25_161/definition-of-milestones.html (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  10. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed [DSM-5]. Philadelphia: American Psychiatric Association, 2013. 974 p.
  11. Early childhood developmental milestones | Health and wellbeing | Queensland Government. [Web resource] URL: https://www.qld.gov.au/health/children/babies/milestones/ (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  12. Early Development Milestones |Child Development |Pathways.org. [Web resource] URL: https:// pathways.org/milestones/ (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  13. Fogel A., Greenspan S., King B.J., Lickliter R., Reygadas P., Shanker S.G., Toren C. A dynamic systems approach to the life sciences. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.) Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 235—253.
  14. Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 270 p.
  15. Fonagy P., Target M. Early intervention and the development of self-regulation. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 2002, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 307—335. doi:10.1080/07351692209348990
  16. Fuld S. Autism spectrum disorder: the impact of stressful and traumatic life events and implications for clinical practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 2018, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 210—219.
  17. Getting to know your newborn — NHS / Birth to five development timeline. [Web resource] URL: http://www.nhs.uk/Tools/Pages/birthtofive.aspx (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  18. Gottlieb G., Tucker Halpern C. Individual development as a system of coactions: implications for research and policy. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the TwentyFirst Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 41—47.
  19. Granic I. A dynamic systems approach to understanding family and peer relationships: implications for effective interventions with aggressive youth. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 216— 224.
  20. Greene R.W. The explosive child. New York: HarperCollins World, 1999. 288 p.
  21. Greenspan S.I. A dynamic developmental model of mental health and mental illness. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 157—199.
  22. Greenspan S.I., DeGangi G., Wieder S. The Functional Emotional Assessment Scale for Infancy and Early Childhood: Clinical and Research Applications. Bethesda: Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders, 2001.
  23. Greenspan S.I., Greenspan N.T. The Learning Tree: Overcoming Learning Disabilities from the Ground Up. Cambridge: De Capo Press; Lifelong Books, 2010. 276 p.
  24. Happé F., Fletcher-Watson S. Autism: A New Introduction to Psychological Theory and Current Debate. New York: Routledge, 2019. 208 p.
  25. Hull L., Petrides K.V., Allison C., Smith P., Baron-Cohen S., Lai M.C., Mandy W. “Putting on my best normal”: social camouflaging in adults with autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 2519—2534.
  26. Johnston T.D. Genes, experience, and behavior. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 18—24.
  27. Kamm K., Thelen E., Jensen J.L. A dynamical systems approach to motor development. Physical Therapy, 1990, vol. 70, pp. 763—775.
  28. Kerns C.M., Newschaffer C.J., Berkowitz, S.J. Traumatic childhood events and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 3475—3486.
  29. King B.J. Creating Family Love: An evolutionary perspective. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 81—87.
  30. Kofmel E. Our comments on Draft General Comment No. 4 of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). / Autistic Minority International. 2016. [Web resource] Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/ Documents/HRBodies/CRPD/GC/RighttoEducation/Autistic_Minority_International-Draft_ GC_Art24-10.01.2016.doc (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  31. Kuhn T.S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago. Ubiversity of Chicago Press,1962.
  32. Kupferstein H. Evidence of increased PTSD symptoms in autistics exposed to applied behavior analysis. Advances in Autism, 2018, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 19—29.
  33. Letourneau N., Joschko J. Scientific Parenting: What Science Reveals About Parental Influence. Ontario: Dundurn, 2013. 280 p.
  34. Leung N.K. (сhairman). Child Fatality Review Panel: Second report for child death cases in 2010—2011. Hong Kong, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.swd.gov.hk/doc/fcw/CFRP2R-Eng.pdf (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  35. Lickliter R. Developmental dynamics: the new view from the life sciences. In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 11—17.
  36. Livingston L.A., Happé F. Conceptualising compensation in neurodevelopmental disorders: Reflections from autism spectrum disorder. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2017, vol. 80, pp. 729—742.
  37. Munsey C. The kids aren’t all right. American Psychological Association Monitor, 2010, vol. 41, no. 1, p. 22.
  38. Parents Guide to Developmental Milestones Child Mind Institute. [Web resource] URL: https:// childmind.org/guide/developmental-milestones/ (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  39. Richa S., Fahed M., Khoury E., Mishara B. Suicide in autism spectrum disorders. Archives of Suicide Research, 2014, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 327—339.
  40. Robertson C.E., Baron-Cohen S. Sensory perception in autism. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 2017, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 671—684. doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.112.
  41. Shanker S. Self-Regulation: Calm, Alert and Learning. Education Canada, 2010, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 4—7.
  42. Shonkoff J.P., Phillips, D.P. (eds.). From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development / Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, Board on Children, Youth, and Families. Washington: National Academies Press, 2000.
  43. Sices L. Use of Developmental Milestones in Pediatric Residency Training and Practice: Time to Rethink the Meaning of the Mean. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 2007, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 47—52. doi:10.1097/DBP.0b013e31803084c6
  44. Smith L.B., Thelen E. Development as a dynamic system. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2003, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 343—348. doi:10.1016/S1364-6613(03)00156-6
  45. Storch E.A., Sulkowski M.L., Nadeau J., Lewin A.B., Arnold E.B., Mutch P.J., Jones A.M., Murphy T.K. (2013). The phenomenology and clinical correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 2013, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2450—2459. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1795-x
  46. Thelen E. Motor Development. A new synthesis. The American Psychologist, 1995, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 79— 95.
  47. Thelen E. Dynamic Systems Theory and the Complexity of Change. Psychoanalytic Dialogues: The International Journal of Relational Perspectives, 2005, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 255—283. doi:10.1080/10481881509348831
  48. Thelen E., Bates E. Connectionism and dynamic systems: Are they really different? Developmental Science, 2003, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 378—391. doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00294
  49. Toren C. An anthropology of human development: what difference does it make? In Fogel A., King B.J., Shanker S.G. (eds.). Human Development in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. 104—111.
  50. Track Your Child’s Developmental Milestones. Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009. [Web resource] URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/pdf/parents_pdfs/ trackchildsdevmilestoneseng.pdf (Accessed 23.04.2019)
  51. Wyman P.A. Developmental approach to prevent adolescent suicides: research pathways to effective upstream preventive interventions. American journal of preventive medicine, 2014, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. S251—S256. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2014.05.039
  52. Young G. Development and Causality: Neo-Piagetian Perspectives. New York: Springer, 2011. 849 p.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????