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Organization of the Process of Teaching Figure Skating Classes for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders 583
Figure skating is a sport that develops such mental and physical qualities as attention, self-control, speed, strength. Deficit of such qualities observed in children with autism spectrum disorders. A technique for teaching figure skating has been developed as a means of habilitating of children with autism spectrum disorders and mental disorders. Pilot testing of the technique was carried out in the inclusive section of adaptive figure skating “Crystal Puzzles”, Moscow. Fifteen children took part in the experimental testing: boys from 6 to 8 years old with autism spectrum disorders who regularly attend figure skating classes for at least 1 year. Classes were held in small groups from 2 to 5 people. For the competent organization of the training process, following recommendations were developed: tutorial support at the initial stage; educational material that takes into account the characteristics of each child; frontal and sagittal presentation; visual as well as partial and complete physical cues; dosing and reducing aid depending on the degree of development of skills. A survey of 15 parents confirmed the positive dynamics of children in the development of social, communicative and physical skills.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, adaptive sport, figure skating, autism, psychophysical development, training organization, mental deficits
Column: Education & Intervention Methods