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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 18, no. 1)

Autism and Developmental Disorders

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1994-1617

ISSN (online): 2413-4317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2003

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Organization of the Process of Teaching Figure Skating Classes for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders 447

Sopov V.F.
PhD in Psychology, Associate professor of the Department of Psychology, Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow, Russia
e-mail: vladimirsopov@mail.ru

Shakirova A.V.
Head Coach, ANO «Inclusive Center for the Development of Adaptive Sports, Aesthetic Education and Social Support» Crystal Puzzles», Moscow, Russia
e-mail: kidotaku@yandex.ru

Abstract
Figure skating is a sport that develops such mental and physical qualities as attention, self-control, speed, strength. Deficit of such qualities observed in children with autism spectrum disorders. A technique for teaching figure skating has been developed as a means of habilitating of children with autism spectrum disorders and mental disorders. Pilot testing of the technique was carried out in the inclusive section of adaptive figure skating “Crystal Puzzles”, Moscow. Fifteen children took part in the experimental testing: boys from 6 to 8 years old with autism spectrum disorders who regularly attend figure skating classes for at least 1 year. Classes were held in small groups from 2 to 5 people. For the competent organization of the training process, following recommendations were developed: tutorial support at the initial stage; educational material that takes into account the characteristics of each child; frontal and sagittal presentation; visual as well as partial and complete physical cues; dosing and reducing aid depending on the degree of development of skills. A survey of 15 parents confirmed the positive dynamics of children in the development of social, communicative and physical skills.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, adaptive sport, figure skating, autism, psychophysical development, training organization, mental deficits

Column: Education & Intervention Methods

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2019170404

For Reference

References
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  2. Evseev S.P., Shapkova L.V. Adaptivnaya fizicheskaya kul'tura: Uchebn. posobie [Adaptive physical education: Manual]. Moscow: Publ. Sovetskii sport, 2000. 240 p.: il.
  3. Biblioteka «zolotogo standarta» metodik skrininga, diagnostiki i otsenki razvitiya navykov u detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra i drugimi narusheniyami razvitiya [Library of the "gold standard" of methods for diagnosing, screening and evaluating the development of children with autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities] [Web resource]. Fond prezidentskikh grantov [Presidential grants fund]. URL: https://prezidentskiegranty.rf/public/application/item?id=b9dc325f-ee44-46e6-bb3c-1ec2b36cdaeb (Accessed 29.11.2019).
 
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