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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 18, no. 4)

Autism and Developmental Disorders

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1994-1617

ISSN (online): 2413-4317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2003

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Features of the Development of the Educational Route for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders 447

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Shargorodskaya L.V.
PhD in Education, special education teacher, Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Additional Education «Children Development Center “Ester”», Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5479-6935
e-mail: lushar@yandex.ru

Abstract
The difficulties in developing an educational route for students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) de- termined by both the heterogeneity of this group of students and the wide variation in the severity of autistic disorders in specific children. In addition, the lack of systematization of the experience of involving school- children with autism in the Russian educational system is other point. The individual educational route for a child with ASD, presented in the article, involves a phased metered expansion of social contacts of a student with ASD with adults and children in the process of training. Child’s abilities, corresponding to the level of his self-control and self-awareness, as well as the actual experience of the child’s involvement in social relations primarily taken into account in the development of individual education environment at each of educational stages. This gives an opportunity to develop an educational environment aimed at preventing of pathological forms of autistic protection and which has a developing potential. The following stages of teaching at a school of a student with an ASD described: individual stage, stage of including in the group, education in a special class of low occupancy, integrative stage.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, ASD, special education needs, educational route, education stages, zone of actual development, individual educational route, “reverse integration” principle

Column: Comprehensive Support Models

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2020180107

For Reference

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