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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 19, no. 1)

Autism and Developmental Disorders

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1994-1617

ISSN (online): 2413-4317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2003

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Focus of Attention in Children with ASD 233

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Karimulina E.G.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology of the Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1563-2364
e-mail: karimulina@list.ru

Khlyustova N.G.
Magister, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8056-0280
e-mail: nhlustova@gmail.com

Abstract
The special way of understanding the world and the brain mechanisms of cognitive impairment in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are becoming the core topics in the autism research. The article presents a study of the general characteristics of attention in children of primary school age with ASD using instruments aimed at detecting impairments of attention parameters: Schulte Tables, Go/No Go Task, Kraepelin’s Arithmetic Test, Stroop Test used to study the focus of attention in the context of the interference of verbal and object stimuli. Results of study of attention in children with ASD seemed to be ambivalent. Children with ASD are successful in performing the Schulte Tables; on the contrary, the Go/No Go Task shows the difficulties of performing the tasks and inhibition of dominant response. Different degrees of unstable focus of attention in tasks on visual perception also shown. The features of focusing attention in conditions of interference require further research. Preliminary results showed that the focus of attention in younger schoolchildren with ASD is associated with a preference for verbal rather than object characteristics of visual stimuli.

Keywords: attention, autism spectrum disorders, inhibition, Stroop Test, interference

Column: Research & Diagnosis of ASD

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2020180404

For Reference

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