Development of Parents’ Competencies for Online Kindergarteners, Built on the Principles of the Pyramid Approach to Education 237
The study shows the influence of education and feedback on the development of the competencies of parents supervising the distance learning of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the online kindergarten format. The paper presents materials of an empirical study involving five mothers and nurses accompanying children. The measurements of the three competencies of parents as tutors were carried out within one month and were made before and after teaching the parents the basics of ABA (applied behavior analysis) methods. We used the methodology of teaching parents behavioral skills BST (behavioral skills training). Parental training resulted in changes of parental competencies showing as improvements of percent ratios of correct reactions to a total number of samples regarding three critical competencies of parents as tutors: providing reinforcements, prompts, maintaining requests of children. It was found that trained parents of children with ASD are more effective at improving skills of their children than before training. Collaboration with families of children with ASD and the adaptation of parental education help families to be more successful in their daily work with their children, acquire new skills, and improve the quality of life of their families.
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