Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


System Organization of Behavior, Connected with the Voluntary and Involuntary Assessment of Time Intervals of Various Duration 1229

Bezdenezhnyh B.N.
PhD in Psychology, Dr. Sci. in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia

Medyntsev A.A.
Junior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia

Alexandrov Yu.I.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of the Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia

The present work is devoted to the analysis of electrical brain potentials related to reporting actions in sensory-motor task selection, where subjects were arbitrary or involuntarily estimated time between the presentation of the warning and start signals (PRS and PUS). In the pilot study on a computer screen with equal probability and randomly to two groups of subjects were presented two alternative signal of PUS – in the form of one and the same bright vertical stripes on a dark screen, but differing in time of appearance after the ORS (700 and 950 ms). The subjects of group 1 with the presentation of any alternative signal (PUS), pressing the same key, the difference in time between the presentation of the PRS and PUS they were not reported. Subjects of group 2 were informed about the difference between these time intervals, and they had to click on different keys as soon as possible, depending on the duration of the time interval between the PRS and PUS. It is shown that the duration of intervals between the warning and start signals influenced the response time as in group 1 and in group 2. It is observed changes in the characteristics of the negative wave (CNV) in group 2, developing the interval between the PRS and PUS, depending on changes in this interval. Found differences are interpreted on the basis of the assumption of the existence of different «levels» of evaluation of action results provided by different brain mechanisms.

Keywords: time, consciousness, system, EEG

Column: Psychophysiology

For Reference

  1. Alexandrov Yu. I. Psihofiziologicheskoe znachenie aktivnosti central’nyh i perifericheskih neironov v povedenii. (Psychophysiological meaning of activity of central and peripherical neurons in behavior) M.: Nauka, 1989.
  2. Alexandrov Yu. I. Soznanie i emocii (Consciousness and emotions) //Teoriya deyatel’nosti i social’naya praktika. 3-i mezhdunarodnyi kongress.(Activity theory and social practice. 3rd international congress) M.: Izd-vo ''Fizkul’tura, obrazovanie, nauka'', 1995. S. 5–6.
  3. Alexandrov Yu. I. Vvedenie v systemnuyu psihofiziologiyu (Introduction to system psychophysiology) //Psihologiya XXI veka (Psychology of XXI century) / Pod red. V. N. Druhinina. M.: Per Se, 2004. S. 39–85.
  4. Alexandrov Yu. I. Ot emocii k soznaniyu (From emotion to consciousness) // Psihologiya tvorchestva: Shkola Ya. A. Ponomareva (Psychology of creativity: Ya. A. Ponomarev school) / Pod red. D.V. Ushakova. M.: Izd-vo IP RAN, 2006. S. 293–328.
  5. Anohin P. K. Ocherki po fiziologii funktsional’nyh system. (Studies in physiology of functional systems) M.: Meditsina, 1975.
  6. Anohin P. K. Filosofskie aspekty teorii funktsional’noi systemy. (Philosophical aspects of functional systems theory) M.: Nauka, 1978.
  7. Leont’ev A. N. Psihologicheskie voprosy soznatel’nosti ucheniya (Psychological questions of consciousness in learning) // Izvestiya APN RSFSR. 1947. V. 7. S. 3–40.
  8. Zinchenko V. P., Morgunov E. B. Chelovek razvivauschijsya. Ocherki rossijskoi psihologii. (A developing man. Studies in Russian Psychology) M.: Trivola, 1994.
  9. Ivanitskij A. M. Glavnaya zagadka prirody: kak na osnove raboty mozga voznikaut sub’ektivnie perezhivaniya (The main puzzle of nature: how on the base of brain work the subjective feelings occur) // Psihologicheskij zhurnal. (Psychological journal) 1999. № 3. S. 93–104.
  10. Luriya A. R. Osnovy neiropsihologii. (Basics of neuropsychology) M.: Academia, 2002.
  11. Maksimova N. E., Alexandrov I. O. Tipologiya medlennyh potentsialov mozga, neironal’naya aktivnost’ I dinamika systemnoi organizatsii povedeniya (The typology of slow brain potentials, neuronal activity and dynamics of systemic organization of behavior) // EEG i neironal’naya aktivnost’ v psihofiziologicheskih issledovaniyah. (EEG and neuronal activity in psychophysiological studies) M.: Nauka, 1987. S. 44–72.
  12. Sidorenko E. V. Metody matematicheskoi obrabotki v psihologii (Methods of mathematical data processing in Psychology) // SPb: Rech’, 2004.
  13. Chuprikova N. I. Psihologiya umstvennogo razvitiya: printsip differentsiatsii. (Psychology of mental development: differentiation approach) M.: Stoletie, 1997.
  14. Shvyrkov V. B. Chto takoe neironal’naya aktivnost’ i EEG s pozitsij systemno-evolyutsionnogo podhoda? (What is neuronal activity and EEG from the point of view of systemic evolutional approach?) // EEG i neironal’naya aktivnost’ v psihofiziologicheskih issledovaniyah. (EEG and neuronal activity in psychophysiological studies) M.:  Nauka, 1987. S. 5–23.
  15. Shvyrkov V. B. Neirofiziologicheskoe izuchenie systemnyh mehanizmov povedeniya (Neurophysiological study of systemic mechanisms of behavior) M.: Nauka, 1978.
  16. Walter G. Zhivoi mozg. (The living brain) M.: Mir, 1966.
  17. El’kin D. G. Vospriyatie vremeni. (Time perception) M.: Izd. APN RSFSR, 1962.
  18. Alexandrov Y. I. Comparative Description of Consciousness and Emotion in the Framework of Systemic Understanding of Behavioral Continuum and Individual Development //  Neuronal bases and psychological aspects of consciousness. 1999. Vol. 12. Р. 201–219.
  19. Alexandrov Yu. I., Sams M. E. Emotion and consciousness: Ends of a continuum // Cognitive Brain Research. 2005. V. 25. P. 387–405.
  20. Brebner J. A., Welford T. Introduction: an historical background sketch // Reaction Times. New York: Academic Press, 1980. Р. 1–23.
  21. Damasio A. R. The feeling of what happens. London: Vintage, 2000.
  22. Dehaene S., Changeux J-P., Naccache L., Sackur J., Sergent C. Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: a testable taxonomy // Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 2006. Vol. 10. Р. 204–211.
  23. Del-Fava F., Ribeiro-do-Valle L.E. Relative contribution of expectancy and immediate arousal to the facilitatory effect of an auditory accessory stimulus // Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2004. Vol. 37. Р. 1161—1174.
  24. Dennett D. C. Consciousness explained. Penguin Books: London, 1993.
  25. Edelman G. M. The remembered present. A biological theory of consciousness. N.Y.: Basic Books, 1989.
  26. Elbert T., Urich R., Rockstron B., Lutzenberger W. The processing of temporal intervals reflected by CNV-like brain potentials // Psychophysiology. 1991. Vol. 28. Р. 648–655.
  27. Gray J. A. The content of consciousness: A neuropsychological conjecture // Behavior and Brain Sciences. 1995. Vol. 18. P. 659–722.
  28. Griffin I. C., Miniussi C., Norbe A. C. Multiple mechanisms of selective attention: differential modulation of stimulus processing by attention to space or time // Neuropsychologia. 2002. Vol. 40. Р. 2325–2340.
  29. Hikosaka O., Nakamura K., Sakai K., Nakahara H. Central mechanisms of motor skill learning // Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 2002. Vol. 12. Р. 217–222.
  30. James W. Principles of psychology, New York: Holt, 1890.
  31. Keller I., Heckhausen H. Readiness potentials preceding spontaneous motor acts: voluntary vs. involuntary control //EEG. Clin. Neurophys. 1990. Vol. 6. Р. 351–361.
  32. Kotchoubey B. Event-related potential measures of consciousness: two equations with three unknowns // Prog. Brain Res. 2005. Vol. 150. P. 427–444.
  33. Lamme V. A. F. Why visual attention and awareness are different // Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 2003. Vol. 7. P. 12–18.
  34. Lewis P. A., Miall R. C. Brain activation patterns during measurement of sub- and supra-second intervals // Neuropsychologia. 2003. Vol. 41. P. 1583–1592.
  35. Libet B. Neurophysiology of consciousness, Boston: Birkhauser Boston, Inc. 1993.
  36. Loveless N., Sanford, A. Slow potential correlates of preparatory set // Biological Psychology. 1974. Vol. 1. P. 303 – 314.
  37. Macar F., Lejeune H, Bonnet M., Ferrara A., Pouthas V., Vidal F., Maquet P. Activation of the supplementary motor area and of attention networks during temporal processing // Experimental Brain Research. 2002. Vol. 142. P. 475–485.
  38. Pfeuty M., Ragot R., Pouthas V. When time is up: CNV time course differentiates the roles of the hemispheres in the discrimination of short tone durations // Experimental Brain Research. 2003. Vol. 151. P. 372–379.
  39. Pouthas V., Garnero L., Ferrandez A-M., Renault B. ERPs and PET analysis of time perception: spatial and temporal brain mapping during visual discrimination tasks // Human Brain Mapp. 2000. Vol. 10. P. 49–60.
  40. Rees G., Kreiman G., Koch C. Neural correlates of consciousness in humans//Nat Rev Neurosci. 2002. Vol. 3. P. 261–270.
  41. Ruchkin D., McCalley M., Glaser E. Event related potentials and time estimation // Psychophysiology 1977. Vol. 14. P. 451–455.
  42. Searle J. R. Consciousness // Annual Review of Neuroscience. 2000. Vol. 23. P. 557—578.
  43. Tulving E. Memory and consciousness // Canadian Psychology. 1985. Vol. 26. P. 1—12.

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????