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  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 15, no. 1)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


The role of verbal expression in the comparison of objects in the subjective assessment of the degree of similarity 1416


Samoylenko E.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Moscow, Russia

Nosulenko V.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow, Russia

Melkumyan T.A.
Psychologist, Graduate of the State Academic University of Human Sciences, Moscow, Russia

The experimental study is dedicated to analysis of the role of free verbalization of similar or different characteristics of like and unlike art photographs in the subjective evaluation of the degree of similarity of these objects. We detected significant differences in the subjective assessments of similarity with the verbalization of similar characteristics in unlike images. However, a significant difference in subjective assessments of similarity of like images in situations of presence/absence of the procedure of verbalization was not revealed. We demonstrated the phenomenon of coupling of processes of verbalization of similarities and differences in pictures. It is shown that the ratio of representation of the classification and gradual way of verbalization are opposite in the situations of comparison of similar and dissimilar images. The advantage of using any particular mode of verbalization of differences of objects depends on degree of their subjective similarity.

Keywords: comparison, verbalization, evaluation, perception

Column: Cognitive Psychology

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