Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

What we are conscious of when «stepping on the same rake»: the affective evaluation of “to-be-repeated” answers 1252

Chetverikov A.A.
PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher of the B.G. Ananyev Scientific-research Center, Department of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: andrey@chetvericov.ru

Abstract
People tend to repeat their answers, regardless of their accuracy - the effect described in the theory of V. Allakhverdov (2009) as a consequence of “choice aftereffect”. Despite the fact that this effect was demonstrated in a wide range of tasks, it still lacks specific explanation. In this paper we propose that affective evaluation of competing hypotheses could serve as a mediating link in the “choice aftereffect”. Basing on the analysis of recent discoveries about the origins and outcomes of affective evaluation we put forward a hypothesis that after a first answer the affective evaluation of “to-be-repeated” answers is already higher than the one of “to-be-changed” answers. To test this prediction, we conducted an experiment using the confidence rating as the measurement of answer evaluation. The results of the experiment are in favor of our hypothesis: both wrong and correct “to-be-repeated” answers were evaluated as more positive, compared to the “to-be-changed” answers. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the power of “choice aftereffects” increased with the increase of choice evaluation. In the end of the paper we discuss the alternative explanations of the obtained results and their effects on the studies of consciousness.

Keywords: emotions, affect, choice aftereffects, confidence, positive and negative choice

Column: Psychophysics

For Reference

References
  1. Allahverdov V. M. Opyt teoreticheskoy psihologii (v zhanre nauchnoy revolyucii). SPb.: Pechatnyi dvor, 1993.
  2. Allahverdov V. M. Razmyshleniya o nauke psihologii s vosklicatel'nym znakom. SPb.: Format, 2009.
  3. Vasil'ev I. A., Popluzhnyi V. L., Tihomirov O. K. Emocii i myshlenie. M.: Izd. Moskovskogo universiteta, 1980.
  4. Vladykina N. P. Reshenie psihofizicheskih zadach v zone nerazlicheniya // Sbornik statey po materialam luchshih diplomnyh rabot vypusknikov fakul'teta psihologii SPbGU 2007 goda. SPb.: Izd. SPb. un-ta, 2008. S. 9–15.
  5. Ivanova N. A. Udivitel'nye priklyucheniya ustoychivyh oshibok v processe naucheniya // Eksperimental'naya psihologiya poznaniya: kognitivnaya logika soznatel'nogo i bessoznatel'nogo. SPb.: Izd. SPb. un-ta, 2006. S. 123–137.
  6. Naumenko O. V. Neosoznannyi process resheniya arifmeticheskih i logicheskih zadach // Eksperimental'naya psihologiya poznaniya: kognitivnaya logika soznatel'nogo i bessoznatel'nogo. SPb.: Izd. SPb. un-ta, 2006. S. 48–67.
  7. Skotnikova I.G. Eksperimental’noe issledovanie uverennosti v reshenii sensornyh zadach // Psihologicheskiy zhurnal, 2005. T. 26. № 3. S. 84–99.
  8. Festinger L. Teoriya kognitivnogo dissonansa. SPb.: Yuventa, 1999.
  9. Chetverikov A. A., Novikova V. A., Mazneva O. S. Vliyanie slozhnosti zadachi na implicitnuyu detekciyu oshibok // Psihologiya XXI veka. SPb.: Izd. SPb. un-ta, 2010. S. 452–454.
  10. Chetverikov A. A. Pochemu odni dvizheniya priyatnee, chem drugie: sledstviya iz teorii kognitivnogo dissonansa // Materialy dokladov XVI Mezhdunar. konf. stud., asp. i molod. uch. «Lomonosov». M.: MAKS Press, 2009. S. 112–113.
  11. Chetverikov A. A. Vospriyatie illyuzornyh, dvoistvennyh i podporogovyh ob'ektov lyud'mi v razlichnyh emocional'nyh sostoyaniyah // Sbornik statey po materialam luchshih diplomnyh rabot vypusknikov fakul'teta psihologii 2009 goda. SPb.: Izd. SPb. un-ta, 2010 a. S. 322–328.
  12. Chetverikov A. A. Otvety na bessmyslennye voprosy: sub'ektivnaya ocenka effektivnosti raboty soznaniya v otsutstvie vozmozhnosti proverki // Tezisy nauchno-prakt. konf. stud., asp. i molod. spec. «Psiheya-Forum 2010». Samara: 2010 b (v pechati).
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????