Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 2)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Changes in some parameters of visual-motor reactions under the influence of alcohol 1129

Zakharchenko D.V.
PhD in Biology, Research Fellow, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity, RAS, Moscow, Russia

Dorokhov V.B.
Doctor of Biology, Head of the Laboratory, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, RAS, Moscow, Russia

The aim of the work is the research changes in oculomotor responses and arm motor movements, caused by the intake of averages doses of alcohol (1 g of 96% alcohol per kilogram of body weight of the subject). We used two types of models - the model of the static appearance/disappearance of the stimulus and the model of continuous maintenance of a goal in the process of the operator's activities. Analysis of the results of research of changes of the latent period of the macrosaccade and the first motor reaction, the average instantaneous speed of macrosaccade, time hitting the target, as well as visual study of the configuration of macrosaccades, testifies to the fact that after the admission of alcohol the latency of the macrosaccade and motor reaction reliably increases, the average instantaneousness of speed of macrosaccades is significantly decreased. The efficiency of the operator's work is not directly related to changes in the biological parameters of the reactions. In some cases, after the admission of alcohol the macrosaccades of the unusual configuration including an anomalously low speed were marked.

Keywords: visual perception, saccade, fixation, oculomotor reactions carpal motility, trajectory and alcohol

Column: Psychology of Perception

For Reference

  1. Dorokhov V. B., Arsen'ev G. N., Zakharchenko D. V., Lavrova T. P., Tkachenko O. N., Dementienko V. V. Psihomotornyj test dlja issledovanija zritel'no-motornoj koordinacii pri vypolnenii monotonnoj dejatel'nosti po proslezhivaniju celi // Zhurn. vyssh. nervn. dejat. 2011. T. 6. № 14. S. 1–9.
  2. Ratmanova P. O., Evina E. I., Napalkov D. A., Bogdanov R. R., Turbina L. G. Narushenija sakkadicheskih dvizhenij glaz na raznyh stadijah bolezni Parkinsona // Al'manah klinicheskoj mediciny. 2006. № 13. S. 90–93.
  3. Belyavin A., Wright N. Changes in electrical activity of the brain with vigilance. // Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 1987. № 66. P. 137 –144.
  4. Ceder A. Driver's eye movements as related to attention in simulated traffic flow conditions // Human Factors. 1977. № 19. P. 571–581.
  5. Dinges D. F., Mallis M. M., Maislin G., Powell IV J. W. Final Report: Evaluation of Techniques for Ocular Measurement as an Index of Fatigue and as he Basis of Alertness Management, US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Report no DOT HS 808 762, April 1998.
  6. Dorokhov V. B., Zakharchenko D. V. Alcohol effects on eye and hand movements during different attention processes // Abstracts of the 16th European Conference on Eye Movements. 2011. P. 172.
  7. Dorokhov V. B., Dementienko V. V., Koreneva L. G., Markov A. G., Tarasov A. V., Shakhnarovitch V. M. On the possibility of using EDR for estimation of vigilance changes // International Journal of Psychophysiology, 1998. № 30. P. 267.
  8. Egelund N. Spectural analysis of heart rate variability as an indicator of driver fatigue // Ergonomics. 1982. № 25. P. 663–672.
  9. Heitmann A. A., Guttkuhn R., Aguirre A., Trutschel U., Moore-Ede M. Technologies for the monitoring and prevention of driver fatigue // Proceedings of the First International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design. Lexington, MA 02421, USA.
  10. Mabbott N. Procedures and Devices to Monitor Operator Alertness Whilst Operating Machinery in Open-Cut Coal Mines. ARRB Transport Research. 1999.
  11. Marple-Horvat D. E., Cooper H. L., Gilbey S. L.,Watson J. C., Mehta N., Kaur-Mann D., Wilson M., Keil D. Alcohol Badly Affects Eye Movements Linked to Steering, Providing for Automatic in-Car Detection of Drink Driving // Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008. № 33. P. 849–858.
  12. Mrotek L. A., Soechting J. F. Target interception: hand-eye coordination and strategies // Journal of Neuroscience. 2007. V. 27. № 27. P. 7297–7309.
  13. Stern J. A., Boyer D., Schroeder D. Blink rate: a possible measure of fatigue // Human Factors. 1994. № 36. P. 285–297.
  14. Wright N., Stone B., Horberry T., Reed N. A review of in-vehicle sleepiness detection devices // Published Project Report PPR 157. TRL Limited. 2007.

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????