Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Changes in some parameters of visual-motor reactions under the influence of alcohol 1112
PhD in Biology, Research Fellow, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity, RAS, Moscow, Russia
Doctor of Biology, Head of the Laboratory, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, RAS, Moscow, Russia
The aim of the work is the research changes in oculomotor responses and arm motor movements, caused by the intake of averages doses of alcohol (1 g of 96% alcohol per kilogram of body weight of the subject). We used two types of models - the model of the static appearance/disappearance of the stimulus and the model of continuous maintenance of a goal in the process of the operator's activities. Analysis of the results of research of changes of the latent period of the macrosaccade and the first motor reaction, the average instantaneous speed of macrosaccade, time hitting the target, as well as visual study of the configuration of macrosaccades, testifies to the fact that after the admission of alcohol the latency of the macrosaccade and motor reaction reliably increases, the average instantaneousness of speed of macrosaccades is significantly decreased.
The efficiency of the operator's work is not directly related to changes in the biological parameters of the reactions. In some cases, after the admission of alcohol the macrosaccades of the unusual configuration including an anomalously low speed were marked.
Keywords: visual perception, saccade, fixation, oculomotor reactions carpal motility, trajectory and alcohol
Column: Psychology of Perception
Dorokhov V. B., Arsen'ev G. N., Zakharchenko D. V.,
Lavrova T. P., Tkachenko O. N., Dementienko V. V. Psihomotornyj test dlja
issledovanija zritel'no-motornoj koordinacii pri vypolnenii monotonnoj
dejatel'nosti po proslezhivaniju celi // Zhurn. vyssh. nervn. dejat. 2011. T.
6. № 14. S. 1–9.
Ratmanova P. O., Evina E. I., Napalkov D. A., Bogdanov R.
R., Turbina L. G. Narushenija sakkadicheskih dvizhenij glaz na raznyh
stadijah bolezni Parkinsona // Al'manah klinicheskoj mediciny. 2006. № 13. S.
Belyavin A., Wright N. Changes in electrical activity
of the brain with vigilance. // Electroencephalography and Clinical
Neurophysiology. 1987. № 66. P. 137 –144.
Ceder A. Driver's eye movements as related to
attention in simulated traffic flow conditions // Human Factors. 1977. № 19. P.
Dinges D. F., Mallis M. M., Maislin G., Powell IV J.
W. Final Report: Evaluation of Techniques for Ocular Measurement as an
Index of Fatigue and as he Basis of Alertness Management, US National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, Report no DOT HS 808 762, April 1998.
Dorokhov V. B., Zakharchenko D. V. Alcohol effects on
eye and hand movements during different attention processes // Abstracts of the
16th European Conference on Eye Movements. 2011. P. 172.
Dorokhov V. B., Dementienko V. V., Koreneva L. G., Markov
A. G., Tarasov A. V., Shakhnarovitch V. M. On the possibility of using EDR
for estimation of vigilance changes // International Journal of
Psychophysiology, 1998. № 30. P. 267.
Egelund N. Spectural analysis of heart rate
variability as an indicator of driver fatigue // Ergonomics. 1982. № 25. P.
Heitmann A. A., Guttkuhn R., Aguirre A., Trutschel U.,
Moore-Ede M. Technologies for the monitoring and prevention of driver
fatigue // Proceedings of the First International Driving Symposium on Human
Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design. Lexington, MA 02421,
Mabbott N. Procedures and Devices to Monitor Operator
Alertness Whilst Operating Machinery in Open-Cut Coal Mines. ARRB Transport
Marple-Horvat D. E., Cooper H. L., Gilbey S. L.,Watson J.
C., Mehta N., Kaur-Mann D., Wilson M., Keil D. Alcohol Badly Affects Eye
Movements Linked to Steering, Providing for Automatic in-Car Detection of Drink
Driving // Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008. № 33. P. 849–858.
Mrotek L. A., Soechting J. F. Target interception:
hand-eye coordination and strategies // Journal of Neuroscience. 2007. V. 27. №
27. P. 7297–7309.
Stern J. A., Boyer D., Schroeder D. Blink rate: a
possible measure of fatigue // Human Factors. 1994. № 36. P. 285–297.
Wright N., Stone B., Horberry T., Reed N. A review of
in-vehicle sleepiness detection devices // Published Project Report PPR 157.
TRL Limited. 2007.