Use of peripheral information in tasks solution as a function of intelligence 1170
PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Centre of Applied Researches in Psychology and Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Educationsocial, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Laboratory, “Psychology and Psychophysiology of Creativity”, Moscow, Russia
This research is devoted to the study of communication between the different cognitive abilities, on the one hand, and the ability to use peripheral information in tasks solution, on the other hand. The article considers the results of the main works on this issue, presented in the framework of cognitive psychology research. In the present work we conduct an experimental testing of the assumption of the existence of differences between subjects with a high and a low level of development of creative and intellectual abilities at the stages of coding and the subsequent extraction of peripheral information. The results of the experiment indicate the absence of the impact of creativity on the use of peripheral information both at the stage of coding and at the stage of its extraction in tasks solution. At the same time we found a significant positive relationship between the verbal intelligence and ability to effective use of peripheral information in the tasks of free words-generation.
The obtained results of the study empirically confirm modern conceptions about the dual nature of verbal intelligence as a construct, which operates both logical and intuitive information for successful solution of various types of tasks.
Keywords: creativity, verbal intelligence, focal and peripheral information
Column: Cognitive Psychology
- Averina I. S., Weblanova E. I. Verbal'nyj test tvorcheskogo
myshlenija «Neobychnoe ispol'zovanie». M.: Sobor', 1996.
- Valueva E. A., Belova S. S. Diagnostika tvorcheskih sposobnostej:
metody, problemy, perspektivy // Tvorchestvo: ot biologicheskih predposylok k
kul'turnym fenomenam: Kollektivnaja monografija / Pod red. D. V. Ushakova. M.:
Izd. IP RAN, 2011.
Ponomarev Ja. A. Psihologija tvorchestva. M.:
Senin I. G., Sorokina O. V., Chirkov V. I. Test
umstvennyh sposobnostej (TUS). Jaroslavl': Nauchno-proizvodstvennyj centr
Ansburg P. I., Hill K. Creative and analytic
thinkers differ in their use of attentional resources // Personality and
Individual Differences. 2003. № 34. P. 1141–1152.
Dykes M., McGhie A. A Comparative study of
attentional strategies of Schizophrenic and highly creative normal subjects //
British Journal of Psychiatry. 1976. № 128. P. 50–56.
Fisher R. P., Craik Fergus I. M. Interaction
between encoding and retrieval operations in cued recall // Journal of
Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 1977. V. 3 № 6. P.
Kaufman S. B., DeYoung C. G., Gray J. R.,
Jiménez L., Brown J., Mackintosh N. Implicit learning as an
ability // Cognition. 2010. № 116. P. 321 – 340.
Mednick S. A. The associative basis of the creative
process // Psychological Review. 1962. № 69. P. 220 – 232.
Mednick S. A., Mednick M. T. An associative
interpretation of the creative process // Widening horizons in creativity / Ed.
C. W. Taylor. NY: Wiley, 1964. P. 54–68.
Mendelsohn G. Associative and attentional processes
in creative performance // Journal of Personality. 1976. № 44. P.
Mendelsohn G., Griswold B. Differential use of
incidental stimuli of problem solving as a function of creativity // Journal of
Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1964. V. 68 № 4. P. 431–436.
Miller A. I. Insights of genius: imagery and
creativity in science and art. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996.
Reber A. S. Implicit learning of synthetic
languages: The role of instructional set // Journal of Experimental Psychology:
Human Learning and Memory. 1976. № 2. P. 88–94.
Urban K. K., Jellen H. G. Test for Creative
Thinking Drawing Production (TCTDP): Manual. Amsterdam: Harcourt, 1996.