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Positional effects in working memory 1596
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Chair of Methodology of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
In this work we consider the ratio of working, short-term and long-term memory on the material of the study of positional effects when performing tasks on working memory. The results of two studies using tasks on determination of the complex volume of working memory demonstrated the presence of recency effect and primacy effect. The emergence of the primacy effect depended on the complexity of additional task. The disappearance of the primacy effect led to a compensatory increase in the recency effect. The results suggest that short-term memory, long-term memory and attention control processes participate in the implementation of working memory functions.
Keywords: working memory, positional effects, primacy, recency, complex volume, attention
Column: Cognitive Psychology
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