Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Experimental Psychology (Russia) - №1 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 14, no. 4)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The problem of similarity assessment in categorization process 1287

|

Radchikova N.P.
PhD in Psychology, Scientific researcher; Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research , Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5139-8288
e-mail: nataly.radchikova@gmail.com

Kishtymova E.A.
MA in Psychology, Lecturer, Chair of Methodology and Methods of Psychological Research, Department of Psychology, Belarusian State Pedagogical University named after Maxim Tank, Minsk, Belarus
e-mail: kishtymova@gmail.com

Abstract
In the article different approaches to the role of similarity in categorization process are considered. The following hypothesis is verified in the series of experiments. If some internal human capacity to determine similarity could be considered as the foundation of categorization process then mental structures obtained from the data in categorization (free sorting) task and in similarity judgment task would be identical. The data received call into question the assumption about similarity judgments as the basis of categorization.

Keywords: categorization, similarity, surface similarity, characteristic features, defining features

Column: Cognitive Psychology

For Reference

References
  1. Allakhverdov V.M., Gershkovich V.A. Does Consciousness exist? – In What Sense? Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2010, vol. 44, pp. 340–347.
  2. Allen S.W., Brooks L.R. Specializing the operation of an explicit rule. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 1991, vol. 120, pp. 3–19.
  3. Barsalou L.W. Ad hoc categories. Memory & Cognition, 1983, vol. 11, pp. 211–227.
  4. Jones S.S., Smith L.B. The place of perception in children’s concepts. Cognitive Development, 1993, vol. 8, pp. 113–140.
  5. Goldstone R.L. The role of similarity in categorization: providing a groundwork. Cognition, 1994, vol. 52, pp. 125–157.
  6. Goodman N. Problems and projects. Indianapolis, N.Y., Bobbs-Merrill, 1972. 463 p.
  7. Hampton J.A. The Role of Similarity in Natural Categorization. In Hahn U., Ramscar M. (eds.), Similarity and categorization. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 13–28.
  8. Medin D.L., Goldstone R.L., Gentner D. Respects for similarity. Psychological Review, 1993, vol. 100, pp. 254–278.
  9. Minto W. Logic, Inductive and Deductive. London, John Murray. 1983. 376 p. (Russ. ed.: Minto V. Deduktivnaya i induktivnaya logika. Saint-Petersburg, TIT «Kometa» Publ., 1995. 463 p.).
  10. Murphy G.L., Medin D.L. The Role of Theories in Concept Coherence. Psychological Review, 1985, vol. 92, pp. 289–316.
  11. Nosofsky R.M. Exemplar-based approach to relating categorization, identification, and recognition. In Ashby F.G. (ed.), Multidimensional models of perception and cognition. Hillsdale, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992, pp. 363–393.
  12. Publicly available Object Pictures. International Picture Naming Project. Available at: http://crl.ucsd.edu/experiments/ipnp/method/getpics/getpics.html (Accessed 10.02.2013).
  13. Radchikova N.P., Lobanov A.P. Problemy kategorizatsii v logike i psikhologii: ot Aristotelya do Rosh [Categorization problems in logic and philosophy: from Aristotle to Rosch]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal (Russia)], 2007, vol. 1 (13), pp. 30–35. (In Russian).
  14. Reed S.K. Pattern recognition and categorization. Cognitive Psychology, 1972, vol. 3, pp. 382–407.
  15. Rips L.J. Similarity, typicality and categorization. In Vosniadou S., Ortony A. (eds.), Similarity and analogical reasoning. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1989, pp. 21–59.
  16. Rosch E.H. Cognitive representations of semantic categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 1975, vol. 104, pp. 192–233.
  17. Rosch E.H. Principles of categorization. In Rosch E.H., Lloyd B.B. (eds.), Cognition and categorization. Hillside, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1978, pp. 27–48.
  18. Sloman S.A., Malt B.C., Shi M. The Relation of Similarity to Naming: Chinese versus American Conceptions of Bottles and Jars. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Hillsdale, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997, pp. 697–702.
  19. Thibaut J.-P., Dupont M., Anselme P. Dissociations between categorization and similarity judgements as a result of learning feature distributions. Memory & Cognition, 2002, vol. 30 (4), pp. 647–656.
  20. Wittgenstein L. Philosophical investigations. New York, Macmillan, 1973. 250 p.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????