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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Individual differences in the process of object-oriented comparison 1056

Samoylenko E.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of Laboratory of cognitive processes and mathematical psychology, Institute of psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: elena.samoylenko@gmail.com

Melkumyan T.A.
Psychologist, Graduate of the State Academic University of Human Sciences, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: tamara.melkumyan@psyexp.ru

Abstract
The theoretical and empirical aspects of the problem of individual differences as manifested in the process of comparing objects and concepts are considered. The results of empirical study, which identified individual differences in subjective estimation of the value of the minute similarity between two differing objects, are presented. It is shown that these differences are related to the peculiarities of verbalizations, i.e. the proportion of descriptions in terms of similarities and differences between objects, as well as the parameters of comparison. The results suggest a constructivist nature of the process of comparison as a whole and the subjective estimation of the value of the similarity in particular.

Keywords: similarity, individual differences, verbalization

Column: Psychology of Personality

For Reference

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