Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Experimental Psychology (Russia) - №2 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 14, no. 1)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Informational success of communication at different stages of theory of mind development 2006


Ulanova A.Y.
Junior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Sergienko E.A.
Doctor of Psychology, leading researcher, Institute of psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

The study focused on the issue of cognitive bases of communicative success in preschoolers. Mental model (theory of mind) is considered as the basis of social understanding. We assume that the ability to understand and transmit messages in the communication process is mediated by the formation of mental understanding of self and others. The study involved 50 children aged 4 to 6 years, a total of 28 girls and 22 boys. We developed and tested tasks and criteria to assess the perception of the communication partner and the transmission efficiency of communication messages. The data analysis showed differences in the strategies of partner selection for communication in children of 4 and 6 years old, as well as coordinated development aspects of mind and successful communication. We conclude that socio-cognitive and informational aspects of the communicative behavior of preschool children are connected, which creates the fundamental basis for the development of their auxiliary and correction.

Keywords: theory of mind, socio-cognitive abilities, reference communication, communicative success, information richness of messages, understanding mental and physical world, perception of the communication partner

Column: Psychology of Communication

For Reference

  1. Baron-Cohen S., Leslie A. M., Frith U. Does the autistic child have a «theory of mind»? Cognition, 1985, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 37–46.
  2. Bloom P., German T. P. Two reasons to abandon the false belief task as a test of theory of mind. Cognition, 2000, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. B25–B31.
  3. Chernigovskaya T. V. Esli zerkalo budet smotret’sya v zerkalo, chto ono tam uvidit? (K voprosu ob evolyutsii yazyka i soznaniya). [If the mirror will look in the mirror and see that it is there? (On the evolution of language and consciousness)]. In Sb. nauchn. trudov «Kognitivnye issledovaniya». [Collection of scientific papers «Cognitive research»]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2010, no. 4, pp. 67–89 (In Russ.)
  4. Cosgrove J. M., Patterson C. J. Plans and the development of listener skills. Developmental Psychology, 1977, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 557–564.
  5. Flavell J. H. Theory-of-mind development: Retrospect and prospect. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 2004, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 274–290.
  6. Flavell J. H. Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 1979, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 906–911.
  7. Fussell S.R., Krauss R. M. Coordination of knowledge in communication: effects of speakers’ assumptions about what others know. Journal of personality and Social Psychology, 1992, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 378–391.
  8. Girbau D. Asequential analysis of private and social speech in children’s dyadic communication. The Spanish journal of psychology, 2002, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 110–118.
  9. Girbau D., Boada H. Private meaning and comparison process in children’s referential communication. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 1996, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 383–396.
  10. Gopnik A., Astington J. W. Children’s understanding of representational change and its relation to the understanding of false belief and the appearance-reality distinction. Child development, 1988, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 26–37.
  11. Krauss R. M. The role of the listener: Addressee influences on message formulation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 1987, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 81–98.
  12. Krauss R. M., Fussell S. R. Perspective-taking in communication: Representations of others’ knowledge in reference. Social Cognition, 1991, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 2–24.
  13. Lebedeva E. I. Ponimanie mental’nogo i fizicheskogo mira det’mi s tipichnym razvitiem i rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra. Avtoreferat diss. na soiskanie stepeni kand. psikh. nauk. [Understanding of the mental and the physical world of children with typical development and autism spectrum disorders. PhD (Psychology) thesis.]. Moscow, 2006. 249 p. (In Russ.)
  14. Massey C. M., Gelman R. Preschooler’s ability to decide whether a photographed unfamiliar object can move itself. Developmental Psychology, 1988, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 307–317.
  15. Mustajoki A. A speaker-oriented multidimensional approach to risks and causes of miscommunication. Language and dialogue, 2012, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 216–243.
  16. Piazhe Zh. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie Trudy. [Selected psychological works]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1969. 569 p. (In Russ.)
  17. Primack D. Woodruff G. Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 1978, vol. 4, pp. 515–526.
  18. Rachugina A. Yu. Vzaimosvyaz’ kommunikativnoi uspeshnosti i urovnya razvitiya modeli psikhicheskogo u detei doshkol’nogo vozrasta [The interrelation of communicative success and the level of mental models development in preschool children]. In A.L. Zhuravlev, E.A. Sergienko (eds), Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological Studies]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2010, vol. 5, pp. 182–193 (In Russ.)
  19. Repacholi B., Slaughter V., Pritchard M., Gibbs V. Theory of mind, Machiavellianism, and social functioning in childhood. Macquarie monographs in cognitive science, 2003. Pp. 67–97.
  20. Rosenthal D. M. Consciousness and metacognition. In D. Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: a multidisciplinary perspective, 2000. Pp. 265–295.
  21. Samoilenko E. S., Nosulenko V. N., Starikova I. V. Fenomen sravneniya v protsesse referentnogo obshcheniya. [Phenomenon of comparing in the reference communication process]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)], 2012, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 39–62 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  22. Sergienko E. A. Razvitie modeli psikhicheskogo kak mental’nyi mekhanizm stanovleniya sub”ekta. [The development of theory of mind as a mental mechanism of formation of the subject]. In Znakov V. V., Ryabikina Z. I. (eds.), Sub”ekt, lichnost’, psikhologiya chelovecheskogo bytiya [Subject, personality, psychology of human existence]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2005. Pp. 113–146 (In Russ.)
  23. Sergienko E. A., Lebedeva E. I., Prusakova O. A. Model’ psikhicheskogo v ontogeneze cheloveka. [Theory of mind in human ontogenesis]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2009. 425 p. (In Russ.)
  24. Sonnenschein S. How feedback from a listener affects children’s referential communication skills. Developmental Psychology, 1984, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 287–292.
  25. Tinigina A. A. Sovremennye issledovaniya egotsentrizma v kontekste sotsial’nogo vospriyatiya i obshcheniya [Modern studies of egocentrism in the context of social perception and communication]. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2013, no. 1, pp. 29–38. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  26. Ulanova A. Yu. Model’ psikhicheskogo kak mental’naya osnova vospriyatiya partnera po kommunikatsii. [Theory of mind as a mental basis for a communication partner perception]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological Studies], 2014, vol. 7, no. 37. Available at: num/2015v8n39/1093-ulanova39.html (Accessed: 01.03.2015). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  27. Venar Ch., Kerig P. Psikhopatologiya razvitiya detskogo i podrostkovogo vozrasta. [Psychopathology of childhood and adolescence]. Saint-Petersburg, Praim-Evroznak Publ., 2007. 672 p. (In Russ.)
  28. Watson A. C. et al. Social interaction skills and theory of mind in young children. Developmental psychology, 1999, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 386–391.
  29. Wimmer H., Perner J. Beliefs about beliefs: Representation and constraining function of wrong beliefs in young children’s understanding of deception. Cognition, 1983, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 103–128.

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????