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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 4)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Evolutionary paths of electric oscillators 1142


Grechenko T.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Leading Research, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Kharitonov A.N.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Leading Researcher, MSUPE, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Zhegallo A.V.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Moscow State University of Pedagogy and Education, Moscow, Russia

The endogenous electrical signals play an important role in information processes occurring in living systems. They are found in living beings of different evolutionary levels from prokaryotes to multicellular eukaryotes. We hypothesized that the presence and variety of endogenous oscillators in individual organisms are connected with the way they survive, i.e. totally dependent on the community or partially independent of it. To test the hypothesis, we recorded electrical activity from individual cells and their communities in experiments with the earliest evolutionary beings, prokaryotes: cyanobacteria Oscillatoria terebriformis, Geitlerinema sp. and Halothece sp., the unicellular eukaryotes: yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and ciliates Paramecium caudatum, as well as from shellfish Helix pomatia and H. lucorum. The experimental results suggest that the variety of oscillators in the individual, the properties and functions that they perform, may provide a key to understanding the individual/social organization of living systems.

Keywords: procaryotes, eucaryotes, unicellular organisms, multicellular organisms, sociality, electrography, electrical oscillators, pacemakers.

Column: Comparative Psychology


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