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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 4)


Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Subjective quality of life and psychological adaptation of individuals with low, normal and high level of escapism 1874


Teslavskaia O.I.
Research Fellow of the Center for Risk Monitoring and Social-Psychological Support, Academy of Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

Savchenko T.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

The article presents the results of a study of Subjective quality of life and Psychological adaptation level among individuals with low, normal and high level of Escapism (N=329, 18-52 years old Russians from big cities). Four tests were applied including the new Escapism Scale. Individual with high level of Escapism have lower Subjective quality of life in several parameters — Stability in Country, Confidence in Future, Ecology, Social recognition, Interesting Job, Health and Active life, Internal Harmony and Inner Conflict absence, Privacy (as a Personal Space), Self-Confidence, (Subjective well-being Questionnaire, T. Savchenko, G. Golovina). ‘Excessive’ escapists also demonstrate lower level of psychological adaptation including Self-acceptance, Loyalty, Internality, Emotional Comfort, Intention to dominate (SPA Questionnaire, C. Rogers, R. Diamond). Because of that, Escapism can be characterized mainly as a compensational mechanism which emerges due to the reduced level of an individual’s adaptation to his/her social environment. The consistence of theoretical layout and empirical data obtained confirm the validity of presented Escapism Scale and its applicability for further empirical research.

Keywords: escapism, psychological adaptation, subjective quality of life, avoidance, coping, addiction, hobby, leisure activities

Column: Empirical research


For Reference


This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-06-01085.

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