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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Ethnic face categorization by Russians and Tuvinians in discrimination tasks 139

Kharitonov V.N.
Post Graduate Student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: virxav@yandex.ru

Basyul I.A.
Junior Researcher. Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3153-2096
e-mail: ivbasul@gmail.com

Ananyeva K.I.
PhD in Psychology, Researcher of the Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1666-3269
e-mail: ananyeva@inpsycho.ru

Tovuu N.O.
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher of the Laboratory of Regional Economics, Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Kyzyl, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1085-6120
e-mail: tovuu@mail.ru

Abstract
The opposite tendencies towards blurring the boundaries of compact living of ethnic groups and of relocation of large groups of strangers into the territories of compact residence of local groups generate a number of specific phenomena connected with the inter-group perception. We conducted a comparative study of perception and communication of transition series of “ethnic faces” among two small-scale isolated populations and representatives of the corresponding ethnic groups in multi-ethnic cities. The participants were to solve two discrimination task, one individually, the AB=X task, the other one, the dual “same-different” task, in dyads. For all samples of subjects, of In the AB=X task, the maximum discrimination efficiency was recorded for the same no. 2—3 pair of transition images series This may indicate that all subjects relied on the morphological features stimulus faces than on anything else. Also a tendency is observed toward similarity in the dynamics of efficiency of task performance in different groups of subjects, with the exception of the sample of Russians from the metropolis. At the same time, in the dyadic experiment, subjects from megacities demonstrate different trends in terms of the maximum efficiency of task performance. The sample of Russian subjects from Moscow demonstrates a significantly smaller decrease in efficiency when approaching the edges of the transitional series of stimulus images in the AB=X task, but not in the dual task. This is probably due to different nature of the tasks, i.e. one may easily suppose a more developed ability to perceptually discriminate between ethnic faces resulting from their greater variety in the environment, as in Moscow megacity, whereas it does not seem reasonable to suppose difference in communication skills required to perform the dual task across the samples.

Keywords: categorization, categorical perception, other-race effect, discrimination AB=X task, discrimination same-different dual task, face recognition, ethnic face, small-scale populations

Column: Psychology of Perception

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120410

For Reference

Funding

The study was performed as part of state assignment No. 25.3916.2017/ПЧ “Cross-cultural determinants of cognitive-communicative processes”.

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