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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Sign-reference equivalence research methods in humans and animals 223

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Samuleeva M.V.
PhD Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: samuleeva@gmail.com

Smirnova A.A.
PhD in Biology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of Behavior, Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: annsmirn@mail.ru

Zorina Z.A.
Doctor of Biology, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of Behavior, Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: zorina_z.a@mail.ru

Abstract
Human language based on symbolization or sign-referent equivalence relations. The paper focuses on methods of studying the process of developing of sign-referent equivalence. Subject is trained in Matching-To-Sample task: for example, reinforcing of stimulus B if the sample was A, and stimulus D if the sample was C. Following test allows to reveal if new relations (for example, symmetry, if subject chooses stimulus A if the sample was B) appeared spontaneously. Human subjects usually pass this test successfully. This result may be explained by repeated demonstration of sign-referent symmetry during language learning and using. Our paper is dedicated to methods features which can be used to study sign-reference developing in human and animals. We discuss factors that leads to appearance of this crucial property of stimulus equivalence.

Keywords: stimulus equivalence, symmetry, concepts, matching-to-sample, sign, referent

Column: Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120408

For Reference

Funding

This research was funded by RSF (Russian Science Foundation), grant number 19-18-00477.

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