Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 13, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Psychophysiological correlates of personality factors of impulsive aggression in subjects with personality disorders and in mentally healthy subjects 121

Telesheva K.Yu.
Junior Researcher Assosiate, Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Serbsky State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5534-9320
e-mail: tel86@inbox.ru

Storozheva Z.I.
Doctor of Biology, Leading researcher of the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Serbsky State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6280-5312
e-mail: storozheva_zi@mail.ru

Myamlin V.V.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher of Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4484-9343
e-mail: vad.myamlin@yandex.ru

Kirenskaya A.V.
Doctor of Biology, Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6724-0725
e-mail: neuro11@yandex.ru

Safuanov F.S.
Doctor of Psychology, head of chair of clinical and forensic psychology, department of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956
e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Abstract
The comparative study of sensorimotor gating in the model of acoustic startle response (ASR) and personal traits was provided in mentally healthy offenders (24 s.) and offenders with personal disorders (15 s.) accused of crimes committed by the mechanism of impulsive aggression (IA) was provided. The control group consisted of 39 healthy male volunteers. The battery of psychometric techniques was applied, notably questionnaires of Spielberger, Rusalov’s structure of temperament questionnaire, Rotter’s modified version of the subjective control level assessment, Zuckerman and Buss-Durkee questionnaires. The basic ASR measures and prepulse modification were analyzed. Significantly different IA mechanisms were found in the groups of offenders at both the psychological and neurobiological level. It has been shown that, in individuals with personality disorders, the IA is based on the propensity to realize their own aggressive intentions or motivations, which, apparently, acquires a self-contained motivating value regardless of external stimuli. The important role of emotional factors in the mechanisms of impulsive aggressive reactions was shown in the mentally healthy offenders.

Keywords: criminal impulsive aggression, personal disorders, temperament, acoustic startle response, prepulse modification of acoustic startle response

Column: Judical Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130108

For Reference

References
  1. Berkovic L. Agressiya: prichiny, posledstviya i kontrol’ [Aggression: causes, consequences and control]. Saint-Petersburg: Prajm-Evroznak, 2001, 516 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Enikolopov S.N. Oprosnik Bassa-Durkee [Bass-Durkee questionnaire]. Praktikum po psihodiagnostike. Psihodiagnostika motivacii i samoregulyacii [Workshop on psychodiagnostics. Psychodiagnostics of motivation and self-regulation]. Moscow: Mosk. gos. universitet, 1990, p. 6. (In Russ.).
  3. Mohon’ko A.R., Makushkin E.V., Muganceva L.A. Osnovnye pokazateli dejatel’nosti sudebno-psihiatricheskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii v 2017 g. [Key performance indicators of the forensic psychiatric service of the Russian Federation in 2017]. Moscow: Publ. FGBU «NMIC PN im. V.P. Serbskogo Minzdrava Rossii, 2018. 200 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Praktikum po psihodiagnostike: Psihodiagnosticheskie materialy [Workshop on psychological diagnostics: Psychodiagnostic materials]. A.A. Bodaleva, V.V. Stolina. Moscow: Mosk. gos. universitet, 1988. pp. 135—140. (In Russ.).
  5. Rusalov V.M. Oprosnik struktury temperamenta: metodicheskoe posobie [The questionnaire structure of temperament: a methodological guide]. Moscow: Smysl, 1992, 36 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Safuanov F.S. Psihologiya kriminal’noj agressii [Psychology of criminal aggression]. Moscow: Smysl, 2003, 300 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Safuanov F.S., Kirenskaya A.V., Tkachenko A.A., Telesheva K.YU., Kornilova S.V., Myamlin V.V. Patoharakterologicheskie osobennosti lic s psihicheskimi rasstrojstvami, sklonnyh k impul’sivnoj agressii [Pathocharacterologic signs in patients with psychiatric disorders predisposed to impulsive aggression]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological research]. 2013, no. 29, p. 6. URL: http://psystudy.ru. (Accessed 12 May 2018). (In Russ.).
  8. Safuanov F.S., Telesheva K.Ju., Mjamlin V.V., Kirenskaja A.V. Patoharakterologicheskie osobennosti psihicheski zdorovyh lic, sklonnyh k impul’sivnoj agressii. [Pathocharacterological signs of mentally healthy individuals, prone to impulsive aggression]. Psihologija i pravo. [Psychology and Law] 2018(8), no. 3. pp. 150-166. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080311. (In Russ.).
  9. Hanin Yu.L. Standartnyj algoritm adaptacii zarubezhnyh oprosnyh metodov [Standard algorithm of adaptation of foreign survey methods]. Psihologicheskie problemy predsorevnovatel’noj podgotovki kvalificirovannyh sportsmenov [Psychological problems of pre-competition training of qualified athletes]. Leningrad: LNIIFK, 1977, pp. 129—135. (In Russ.).
  10. Anderson N.E., Kiehl K.A. Psychopathy and aggression: when paralimbic dysfunction leads to violence. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2014;17:369-93. doi: 10.1007/7854_2013_257.
  11. Blanch A., Balada F., Aluja A. Habituation in acoustic startle reflex: individual differences in personality. Int J Psychophysiol. 2014 Mar;91(3):232-239. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.01.001.
  12. Campbell L.E., Hughes M., Budd T.W., Cooper G., Fulham W.R., Karayanidis F., Hanlon M.C., Stojanov W., Johnston P., Case V., Schall U. Primary and secondary neural networks of auditory prepulse inhibition: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of sensorimotor gating of the human acoustic startle response. Eur. J. Neurosci. 2007. 26 (8): 2327—2333.
  13. Forcelli P.A., West E.A., Murnen A.T., Malkova L. Ventral pallidum mediates amygdala-evoked deficits in prepulse inhibition. Behav. Neurosci. 2012. 126 (2): 290—300.
  14. Geyer M.A., Krebs-Thomson K., Braff D.L., Swerdlow N.R. Studies of prepulse inhibition models of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2001 156:117—154.
  15. Graham, F.K. The more or less startling effects of weak prestimulation. Psychophysiology 1975. 12, 238— 248. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1975.tb01284.x.
  16. Gregg T.R., Siegel A. Brain structures and neurotransmitters regulating aggression in cats: implications for human aggression. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jan;25(1):91-140.
  17. Heesink L., Kleber R., Häfner M., van Bedaf L., Eekhout I., Geuze E. Anger and aggression problems in veterans are associated with an increased acoustic startle reflex. Biol Psychol. 2017 Feb;123:119—125. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.12.004.
  18. Kumari V., Das M., Hodgins S., Zachariah E., Barkataki I., Howlett M., Sharma T. Association between violent behaviour and impaired prepulse inhibition of the startle response in antisocial personality disorder and schizophrenia. Behav Brain Res. 2005. 1: 159-166. doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2004.08.021
  19. LaRowe S.D., Patrick C.J., Curtin J.J., Kline J.P. Personality correlates of startle habituation. Biol Psychol. 2006 Jun; 72(3): 257—64. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.11.008
  20. Li L., Du Y., Li N., Wu X., Wu Y. Top-down modulation of prepulse inhibition of the startle reflex in humans and rats. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 2009. 33(8): 1157—1167.
  21. Marin M., Jurado R., Ponce G., Koeneke A., Martinez-Gras I., Jiménez-Arriero M.Á., Rubio G. Startle-response based tasks and laboratory measures of impulsivity in abstinent alcoholic patients. Alcohol Alcohol. 2015 May;50(3):286—295. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agv006.
  22. Neuner I., Stöcker T., Kellermann T., Ermer V., Wegener H.P., Eickhoff S.B., Schneider F., Shah N.J. Electrophysiology meets fMRI: neural correlates of the startle reflex assessed by simultaneous EMG-fMRI data acquisition. Hum Brain Mapp. 2010 Nov;31(11):1675-1685. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20965.
  23. Shoemaker J.M., Saint Marie R.L., Bongiovanni M.J., Neary AC., Tochen L.S., Swerdlow N.R. Prefrontal D1 and ventral hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate regulation of startle gating in rats. Neuroscience. 2005. 135: 385—394.
  24. Storozheva ZI, Kirenskaya AV, Novototsky-Vlasov VY, Telesheva KY, Pletnikov M. Startle Modification and P50 Gating in Schizophrenia Patients and Controls: Russian Population. Span J Psychol. 2016 Mar 3; 19:E8. doi: 10.1017/sjp.2016.1.
  25. Wynn J.K., Dawson M.E., Schell A.M., McGee M., Salveson D., Green M.F. Prepulse facilitation and prepulse inhibition in schizophrenia patients and their unaffected siblings. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Mar 1; 55(5): 518—523. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2003.10.018.
  26. Zuckerman M. Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human trait. Behav and Brain Sci., 1984 7 (3): 413—434. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X00018938.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????