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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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On the possibility of the parameters’ standardization in observation aimed at identifying the signs of aggressive behaviour among older preschoolers 203

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Valyavko S.M.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical and Special Psychology, The Moscow City Teachers’ Training University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7195-6374
e-mail: valyavko@yandex.ru

Makagonova Y.Y.
PhD student of the Сlinical and Special Psychology Department, The Moscow City Teachers’ Training University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4008-0300
e-mail: makagonovaiulia@yandex.ru

Abstract
The urgency of work on improving the tools of psychologists in the diagnostics of aggressive behavior in childhood is due to the persistence of a high level of aggression among children and adolescents in modern society. According to official statistics on the identification of juvenile offenders having committed criminal acts from the beginning of the year up to May 2018, there were 1,066 crimes in Russia committed by children and adolescents. Although this figure remains rather high in comparison with the previous year. One of the ways to conduct preventive work on prevention of juvenile crime is early diagnostics and the work on correction of child behavior with signs of aggression. Besides addition the urgent problems of macrosocialization (deviant behavior, crime, risks of emotional development, etc.), there are microsocial problems- changing the microclimate of the family, the immediate environment and the children’s team of an aggressive child [6; 17]. The authors of the article examine the method of observation from the point of its application as an independent object of the scientific research in psychology. The analysis was carried out on the existing experience of using the observation method for studying children, including those with health limitations. An original scheme is proposed for standardized observation of pre-school children to identify the signs of their aggressive response. The article deals with the development of a procedure for observation of preschool children behavior to identify in it the signs of aggression, as well as conducting a pilot study of the proposed scheme for senior preschoolers in Moscow and the procedure for approbation of the observation scheme. Also step-by-step work on standardization and verification of the proposed monitoring scheme was described.

Keywords: standardization, verification, method of observation, standardized observation, aggressive response, aggressive behavior, preschool children

Column: Research Methods

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130114

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