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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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The diffusion model of reaction time for recent negative probes 86

Velichkovsky B.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of Methodology of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7823-0605
e-mail: velitchk@mail.ru

Sultanova F.R.
Senior Lecturer, Chair of Neuro- and Pathological Psychology, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5776-2992
e-mail: faniya2014@gmail.com

Tatarinov D.V.
Master Student, Department of Psychology, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8458-1102
e-mail: dmitry.tatarinav@gmail.com

Kachina A.A.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Work Psychology, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2026-3145
e-mail: msu-psy@yandex.ru

Abstract
The study investigates the problem of information displacement from short-term memory. In two experiments, reaction times for recent negative probes were analyzed in the Sternberg’s memory scanning task. The diffusion model of reaction times was used with parameters estimated with the fast-dm software. It was found (experiment 1) that recent negative probes are characterized by a reduction in the speed of information accumulation (drift rate). This suggests residual activation of irrelevant cognitive representation in memory after they have been displaced from short-term memory. It was also found (experiment 2) that negative probes semantically related to items in a preceding target set (semantic recent negative probes) are characterized by a similar decrease in the drift rate. This suggests activation spreading from irrelevant cognitive representations displaced from short-term memory along semantic connections and identifies activated long-term memory as the target of information displacement from short-term memory. Additional mechanisms of short-term memory scanning (negative priming and dynamic decision thresholds) are discussed.

Keywords: short-term memory, activated long-term memory, displacement, memory scanning, recent negative probe, diffusion model, drift rate

Column: Cognitive Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130103

For Reference

Funding

The study was financed by RFBR, grant no. 19-013-00806.

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