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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


The Approbation of Hopelessness Scale for Children (HLPS) on Non-Clinical Sample of Russian Students 419


Kagan E.S.
PhD in Engineering, Head of the Department of Applied Mathematics, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

Belogai K.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Acmeology and Developmental Psychology, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

Morozova I.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Acmeology and Developmental Psychology, Director of the Institute of Education, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

Borisenko Yu.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Acmeology and Developmental Psychology, Institute of Education, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

Evseenkova E.V.
Assistant, Department of Acmeology and Psychology of Development, Institute of Education, Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russia

Gutova S.G.
PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

Kindyakov A.A.
Student of the Department of Applied Mathematics, Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russia

In this paper we analyze the suicide risk predictors among adolescents and consider interrelation between hopelessness and suicide risk to be especially important in this context. Also we provide the results of the empirical approbation of “Hopelessness Scale for Children” (HLPS) by А. Kazdin, A. Rodgers, D. Colbus on non-clinical sample of Russian students. 627 school and college students from Kuzbass region aged 13—18 years old participated in the study. Statistic analyses contained descriptive statistics analyses, correlation analyses, ANOVA, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Student’s t-test. All analyses were performed with STATISTICA 10 and SPSS17. The statistics analyses helped to find among HLPS results two factors emerged using loadings greater than or equal to 0,30 to define the factors. The first factor includes items focused on negative self reflections and giving up. Second factor includes items phrased as positive reflections overall happiness as well as future expectations, which according to measure’s key in the lowest points may be interpreted as negative future expectations. Also the obtained factors and the summary hopelessness positively correlated with depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI) and mental stress (Nemchin’s Questionnaire), as well as personal and behavioral characteristics such as coping strategies, self esteem, and deviant tendencies among adolescents (Amirkchan’s Questionnaire). We have found the statistical differences in hopelessness between different samples of adolescents, such as school students, lyceum students and college students. Russian version of Hopelessness Scale for Children (HLPS) was proved to be valid and compact measurement for the adolescents screening. And its first factor — negative self reflections and giving up — has the greatest predictive value as predictor of depression and suicide risk among adolescents.

Keywords: hopelessness; «Hopelessness Scale for Children (HLPS)»; suicide risk; adolescents; suicide risk predictors; educational organization; negative self reflections; negative future expectations

Column: Instruments


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 18-013-00210 А.

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