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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Gender Differences in the State of Volitional Regulation among Various Ethnic Groups of the Russian Federation and the CIS 142

Shlyapnikov V.N.
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Personality and Individual Differences, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4301-4229
e-mail: shlyapnikov.vladimir@gmail.com

Abstract
The hypothesis about the relationship between masculinity of national culture and the severity of gender differences in the state of volitional regulation among its representatives is tested. Men and women were compared among representatives of masculine (Kabardin, Ossetian, Armenians, Tatars, Bashkirs, Tajiks) and feminine (Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Komi, Mari, Koreans, Tuvans, Jews) ethnic groups. In total, 1453 people aged 18 to 30 years participated in the study. To diagnose the state of volitional regulation of the respondents, the following methods were used: “Action-control scale” by Yu. Kuhl, “Questionnaire for revealing the expression of self-control in the emotional sphere, activity and behavior”, self-appraisals of volitional qualities. It is shown that in masculine cultures, men and women significantly differ in terms of the “Action-control scale”, the severity of emotional, behavioral and social self-control, as well as self-assessments of volitional qualities, while in feminine cultures there are practically no differences. Men demonstrate qualities associated with the implementation of intentions in action, and women demonstrate qualities associated with the organization of their activities in accordance with the requirements of society.

Keywords: volition, will, volitional regulation, self-control, self-regulation, volitional qualities, cross-cultural approach, ethnos, gender, masculinity, femininity

Column: Cross-Cultural Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130210

For Reference

Funding

The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 18-013-01108.

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