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Semantic Similarity of Verbal Designations and Static Emoji Expressions of Basic Emotions

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Khoze Y.G.
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9355-1693
e-mail: house.yu@gmail.com

Lupenko E.A.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4026-7581
e-mail: elena-lupenko@yandex.ru

Marinova M.M.
Graduate Student, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8862-4007
e-mail: marinovamm@yandex.ru

Abstract
The work is aimed at developing methods for studying the processes of perception, diagnosis, and induction of emotional states of children of primary and secondary school age. A review of research methods and induction of human emotional states for adults and children and their limitations is presented. Using digital technologies, sets of stimulus images of dynamic (Animoji) and static (Emoji) expressions of 9 basic emotions of different intensity were prepared. The method of semantic differential conducted a preliminary verification — a comparison of the semantic profiles of static expressions and their verbal designations. High correlations were obtained between verbal designations and evaluations of expressions of joy, disgust, and sadness. The correlations of expressions of anger and surprise indicate the need for their slight refinement, contempt, shame and guilt — more substantial, and fear — a complete alteration. The results will allow you to make adjustments to the design procedure of the stimulus material and make it more valid.

Keywords: diagnostics of basic emotions, induction of basic emotions, dynamic (Animoji) and static (Emoji) expressions, semantic differential

Column: Psychology of Perception

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130306

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Funding

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant No. 19-013- 00958, “Dynamics of Induced Emotional States in Primary and Secondary School Children”.

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