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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Strategies for Solving Analytical and Holistic Problems 83

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Apanovich V.V.
PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3407-6049
e-mail: apanovitschvv@yandex.ru

Tishchenko A.G.
Undergraduate Student, State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6289-8202
e-mail: antongtishenko@gmail.com

Arutyunova K.R.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3056-5670
e-mail: arutyunova@inbox.ru

Alexandrov Yu.I.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education, Head of V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016
e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru

Abstract
Studies of the contribution of institutional identity to the formation of psychological structures suggest that such identity imposes restrictions on the formation of new experience. The aim of this work was to describe strategies for solving analytical and holistic problems that are characteristic for individuals with analytical and holistic types of mentality. Participants (N = 105) were solving analytical (a) and holistic (h) word problems (a-problems: “Knights and Knaves” and “Grid-logic”; h-problems: “Anagrams” and “Moral dilemmas”). The results have shown that “normativity” was the principle characteristic of the problem-solving strategy accounting for the observed differences between individuals with analytical and holistic types of mentality.

Keywords: institutionality, type of mentality, word problem, problem-solving strategy, normativity

Column: Cognitive Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130404

For Reference

Funding

Theoretical and methodological bases of the study were developed with financial support from RFBR, research project No. 18-313-20003 mol_a_ved; data collection and analysis were performed as part of the state assignment FANO No. 0159-2019-0001 “Regularities of systemogenesis and actualization of the previously formed memory in individual and collective behaviour”.

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