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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Acquisition of Abstract Knowledge in Implicit Learning of Anagram Solution Scheme 22

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Deeva T.M.
Post-Graduate Student, Chair of General Psychology, Samara National Research University (Samara University), Samara, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6250-7152
e-mail: tatianadeeva@yandex.ru

Kozlov D.D.
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Social Psychology, Samara National Research University, St.Petersburg, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9768-5584
e-mail: ddkozlov@gmail.com

Abstract
The article addresses the problem of unconscious gaining of abstract knowledge. Participants solved circular 5-letter anagram arranged by the same invariant scheme. The learned schematic invariant is not perceptive, contrary to the usual invariant acquisition technique in other studies. The possibility of implicit learning of a solution scheme is discussed. Efficiency of anagram solving is compared between the groups with constant or changed solution scheme during the test stage. The change of the solution scheme leads to a decrease of efficiency, i.e. to the lower number of the solved anagrams. The results support the possibility of gaining unconscious abstract knowledge concerning the scheme without any perceptual invariant component. Possible use of a similar stimulus material in studies of interaction between visual and verbal components of working memory is briefly discussed.

Keywords: implicit learning, anagram solving, invariant learning, representation of abstract knowledge

Column: Cognitive Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021140103

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