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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

The Success of Information Concealment During Polygraph Testing by Individuals of Different Mentality Types 122

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Uchaev A.V.
PhD Student of the Laboratory of Psychophysiology named after V.B. Shvyrkov, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5335-4759
e-mail: andvl@ro.ru

Alexandrov Y.I.
Doctor of Psychology, Head the Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology RAS and Head. the Department of Psychophysiology State University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016
e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru

Abstract
The goal of this study was to identify the information concealment features during polygraph testing by persons with analytical and holistic types of mentality. Participants of the study (N = 23) were individuals who underwent personnel polygraph testing, which ensured environmental validity. The experiment was di- vided into three parts: a pre-test conversation to find out information about the events being checked; tests filling; polygraph testing (concealed information test in the option of the name and number hiding). The analysis revealed that if the subject is closer to the holistic pole of the analytical-holistic scale, there are less pronounced differences in the physiological parameters changings when answering relevant and irrelevant questions about numbers (p<0.05). There was no such correlation in the test about the names. It was also shown that if the individual is closer to the analytical pole, there is the greater the subjective experience of a polygraph testing as stressful (p<0.05). The data obtained allow us to raise the issue for further research aimed at clarifying the systematic organization of information concealment behavior by individuals of different mentality types.

Keywords: systemic organization of behavior, mentality, analytic/holistic, polygraph, lie detection, electrodermal activity

Column: Psychology of Labor

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021140211

For Reference

Funding

The preparation of the article was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (No. 0159-2020-0001, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences).

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Vladimir Viktorovich Apanovich (Institute of Psychology RAS) for useful comments made during the preparation of the article.

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