One of the tasks of modern school education is the formation
of students’ academic knowledge, formulated in the form of scientific concepts.
The native psychologist V.V. Davydov noted, that from the very beginning of
schooling, children «encounter the previously systematized and generalized
experience of other people, reflected in textbooks and in purposeful
explanations of the teacher, that is, in a “theory”».
Gurujapov, V.A. Objective diagnostics of students’
theoretical thinking (the Elkonin-Davydov system). Vestnik. MARO, – 1998. – No.
4. – pp. 45-48.
Guruzhapov, V.A. On the relation of psychological
diagnosis and correction of learning activities in math class. // Psychological
Science and Education, 2000, – No. 2. – pp. 79-85.
Davydov, V.V. Types of generalization in teaching: logical
and psychological problems in the construction of educational subjects. Moscow:
The Pedagogical Society of Russia, – 2000. – 480 p.
Davydov, V.V. The development of generalization in
children // Psychological Science and Education. – 1996. – No. 1. – pp.
Davydov, V.V. The theory of developmental learning.
Moscow: INTOR, – 1996. – 544 p.
Zak, A.Z. Diagnostics of thinking of children 6-10 years
old. Moscow: Folium, – 1993. – 48 p.
Popova, O.V. Pedagogical conditions for the development of
theoretical thinking in junior schoolchildren (on the example of the subject
«Russian language»). Abstract of diss. Cand. A psycho. Science. Omsk. – 2003. –
Raven, D.K. Manual for Raven’s Progressive Matrices and
Vocabulary Scales. Section 3: The Standard Progressive Matrices (includes
Parallel and Plus versions). Moscow: Cogito-centre. – 2012. – 144 p.