Impact of Mass-media information on suicidal behavior of adolescents and youths (review of foreign sources) 4464
, PhD in Psychology, director of the Urgent Psychological Aid Center, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The article reviews a number of foreign sources disclosing the influence of information in public media about suicides on population in general and on young people in particular. It discusses the possibility of imitative suicides after publications in press (syndrome of Werther) and the increase of suicides after TV special reports. The reviewed articles analyze the data obtained in Internet survey of the visitors of prosuicidal web-sites. Alongside with other findings in foreign sources they register the impact of mass-media reports about suicides on young people subjected to external influences. The World Health Organization recommends a more balanced approach to news coverage of suicidal accidents by mass-media.
Keywords: suicide; public media; information in public media; Internet; «prosuicidal» sites
Column: Clinical psychology
Preventing suicide: A resource for media professionals /
World Health Organization. Geneva: WHO, 2000.
The media and children’s rights / Edit. Mike Jempson,
Denise Searle. Geneva, 2005.
Ashton J.R., Donnan S. Suicide by burning as an epidemic
phenomenon: An analysis of 82 deaths and inquests in England and Wales in
1978–9 // Psychological Medicine. 1981. Vol. 11, № 4. P. 735–739.
Baker D., Fortune S. Understanding Self-Harm and Suicide
Websites A Qualitative Interview Study of Young Adult Website Users // Crisis:
The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 2008. Vol. 29, № 3.
Becker K., Schmidt M.H. Internet chat rooms and suicide //
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004, 43,
Daigle M. Reaching suicidal people with media campaigns.
new challenges for a new century / M. Daigle, L. Beausoleil, J. Brisoux, S.
Raymond, L. Charbonneau, J. Desaulniers // Crisis: The Journal of Crisis
Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 2006. Vol. 27, № 4. P. 172–180.
Hawton K. Media Influences on Suicidal Behavior in Young
People // Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.
1995. Vol. 16, № 3. P. 100–101.
Hawton К. Effects of a drug overdose in a television drama
on presentations to hospital for self-poisoning: time series and questionnaire
study / K. Hawton, S. Simkin, J.J. Deeks, S. O'Connor, A. Keen, D.G. Altman, G.
Philo, C. Bulstrode // British medical journal. 1999. Vol. 318. P.
Mehlum L. The internet, suicide, and suicide prevention /
Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 2000. Vol.
21, № 4. P. 186–188.
Philips D.P., Lesnya K., Paight D.J. Suicide and media //
Assessment and prediction of suicide / Eds. R.W. Maris, A.L. Berman, J.T.
Maltsberger. New York: Guilford, 1992. P. 499–519.
Platt S. The aftermath of Angie’s overdose. Is soap
(opera) damaging to your health? // British Medical Journal. 1987. Vol. 294. P.
Ruder T.D. Suicide Announcement on Facebook / T.D. Ruder,
M. Hatch, G. Ampanozi, M.J. Thali, N. Fischer // Crisis: The Journal of Crisis
Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 2011. Vol. 32, № 5. P. 280–282.
Schmidtke A., Hafner H. The Werther effect after
television films: New evidence for an old hypothesis // Psychological Medicine.
1988. Vol. 18, № 3. P. 665–676.
Thompson S. The internet and its potential influence on
suicide // Psychiatric Bulletin. 1999. Vol. 23, № 8. P. 449–451.