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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 2)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Addictions as passions. Ancient wisdom for modern issues 2032

Moldovan S.
Associate professor, Orthodox Faculty Of Theology, ‘Lucaian Blaga’ University Of Sibiu, Romania

In order to theologically explain the concept of addictive (dependent) behavior as distorting processes of self-determination and will (sinful passion), the author analyzed the classic work of the Eastern Christian Orthodox traditional school represented by Maximus Confessor (VII th century CE). It is shown that the ancient model of submission of the human will in the passions fits into modern concepts of nonlinear conjugate cognitive and affective complexes within the self-determination process and the formation of addictiveness, and moreover this model is required now. The results show the failure of one-sided considerations of the voluntary/involuntary character of addiction, when neglecting the dialectic of consciousness and unconsciousness in human volition. Healing or purification of the soul takes place by refo-cusing one's love upon her unique original purpose — especially the real love for God. It seems that a careful pro-active attitude to the passions also performs important environmental function, while reconstructing the ontological meaning of love. The author summarizes his study as evidence that the cause of addictive behavior today as well as the recovery from it are the same phenomena as in ancient times.

Keywords: Eastern Christian spiritual tradition; addictive behavior; passion; love; self-determination; the will; the dialectic

Column: Special (branch) psychology

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