The concept of mindfulness: nonspecific factor of psychological wellbeing 8425
PhD in Psychology, Chair of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
undergraduate of the faculty of counseling and clinical psychology Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
During the last decades the growing interest in the study of the concept of mindfulness as a psychological construct and a form of psychotherapeutic intervention for the prevention and treatment of various mental disorders has become prominent in the foreign literature. On the basis of empirical evidence the article describes the positive effects of psychological awareness, including an increase of the subjective well-being, satisfaction with interpersonal relationships, improvement of some cognitive performance (working memory, executive functions), decline in cognitive and emotional reactivity. The article gives a description of the presumed neurobiological correlates of awareness and formulate the general perspective for further research.
Keywords: mindfulness; mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; awareness; psychological wellbeing; mental health
Column: Clinical psychology
- Brown K.W., Ryan R.M. The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its
role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 2003. Vol. 84, pp. 822–848.
- Brown K.W., Ryan R.M., Creswell J.D. Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations
and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 2009. Vol.
18, pp. 211–237.
- Burke С. Mindfulness-Based Approaches with Children and Adolescents: A
Preliminary Review of Current Research in an Emergent Field. J Child Fam
Stud, 2010. Vol. 19, pp. 133–144.
- Chiesa A., Serretti A. Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric
disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research,
2001. Vol. 187, pp. 441–453.
- Clinical handbook of mindfulness. Didonna F. (Ed.). New York: Springer,
- Cognitive reactivity to sad mood provocation and the prediction of
depressive relapse. Segal Z.V., Kennedy S., Gemar M., Hood K. et al.
Archives of General Psychiatry, 2006. Vol. 63, pp. 749–755.
- Dispositional mindfulness and depressive symptomatology: Correlations with
limbic and selfreferential neural activity during rest. Way B.M., Creswell
J.D., Eisenberger N.I., Lieberman M.D. Emotion, 2010. Vol. 10, pp.
- Effects of Mindfulness on Meta-Awareness and Specificity of Describing
Prodromal Symptoms in Suicidal Depression. Hargus E., Crane C., Barnhofer T.,
Williams J. Emotion, 2010. Vol. 10, pp. 34–42.
- Evans D.R., Baer R.A., Segerstrom S.C. The effects of mindfulness and
selfconsciousness on persistence. Personality and Individual
Differences, 2009. Vol. 47, pp. 379–382.
- Giluk T.L. Mindfulness, big five personality, and affect: A meta-analysis.
Personality and Individual Differences, 2009. Vol. 47, pp. 805–811.
- How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work? Kuyken W., Watkins E.,
Holden E. et al. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 2010. Vol. 48, pp.
- Kabat-Zinn J. Full catastrophe living: The program of the Stress Reduction
Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. New York: Delta,
- Keng S., Smoski M., Robins C. Effects of mindfulness on psychological
health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 2011.
Vol. 31, pp. 1041–1056.
- Mindfulness and reduced cognitive reactivity to sad mood: Evidence from a
correlational study and a non-randomized waiting list controlled study. Raes
F., Dewulf D., Van Heeringen C., Williams J. Behaviour Research and
Therapy, 2009. Vol. 47, pp. 623–627.
- Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental
training. Zeidan F., Johnson S.K., Diamond B.J. et al. Consciousness and
Cognition, 2010. Vol. 19, pp. 597–605.
- Mindfulness skills and interpersonal behavior. Dekeyser M., Raes F.,
Leijssen M., Leysen S., Dewulf D. Personality and Individual
Differences, 2008. Vol. 44, pp. 1235–1245.
- Neuralcorrelates of dispositional mindfulness during affect labeling.
Creswell J.D., Way B.M., Eisenberger N.I., Lieberman M.D. Psychosomatic
Medicine, 2007. Vol. 69, pp. 560–565.
- Nolen-Hoeksema S. The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed
anxiety/depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2000. Vol.
109, pp. 504–511.
- Ostafin B.D., Kassman K.T. Stepping out of history: Mindfulness improves
insight problem solving. Consciousness and Cognition, 2012. Vol. 21, pp.
- Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based
cognitive therapy. Teasdale J.D, Segal Z.V., Williams J. et al. Journal of
Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2000. Vol. 68, pp. 615–623.
- Schmertz S.K., Anderson P.L., Robins D.L. The relation between self-report
mindfulness and performance on tasks of sustained attention. Journal of
Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2009. Vol. 31, pp. 60–66.
- Segal Z.V., Williams J., Teasdale J.D. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press,
- Teasdale J.D., Segal Z., Williams J. How does cognitive therapy prevent
depressive relapse and why should attentional control (mindfulness) training
help. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1995. Vol. 33, P. 25–39.
- Williams J., Swales M. The use of mindfulness-based approaches for suicidal
patients. Archives of Suicide Research, 2004. Vol. 8, pp. 315–329.
- Work-Related Mental Health and Job Performance: Can Mindfulness Help?
Gordon W., Shonin E., Zangeneh M., Griffiths M. Int J Ment Health
Addiction, 2014. Vol. 12, pp. 129–137.