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Social and Psychological Adjustment in Foster Care Alumni: Education and Employment 1015
The article analyses issues in social and psychological adjustment of young adults, grown up in foster families. The psychological and socio-pedagogical factors facilitating professional education, successful employment and financial independence are emphasized. The methods and results of several large simple design researches of adjustment in foster care alumni, conducted in USA, are described. Recommendations for services and specialists working with young adults leaving state care are provided.
Keywords: socio-psychological adjustment, resilience, fosters families, young adults leaving state care, independent living programs, mentoring, employment counseling
Column: Social psychology
Bobyleva I.A. Professional'noe samoopredelenie detei, ostavshikhsya bez popecheniya roditelei [Professional self-determination of children without parental care]. Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei i podrostkov [Mental health issues of children and adolescents], 2006. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 91–99. (In Russ.)
Arnett J.J. Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 2000. Vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 469–480.
Assessing the effect of foster care: early results from the Casey national alumni study. Pecora P.J., Williams J., Kessler R.C., Downs A.C., O’Brien K., Hiripi E. Seattle, WA: Casey Family Program. 2003. 57 p.
Employment outcomes for youth aging out of foster care: final Reports. Goerge R.M., Bilaver L., Lee B.J., Needell B., Brookhart A., Jackman W. Chicago, IL.: Chapin Hall Center for Children, 2002. Available at: http:..aspe.hhs.gov.hsp.fostercare-agingout02. (Accessed: 15.01.2014).
Geenen S., Powers L.E. «Tomorrow is another problem»: the experiences of youth in foster care in transition into adulthood. Children and Youth Services Review, 2007. Vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1085−1101.
Greeson J.K.P. Foster Youth and the Transition to Adulthood: the Theoretical and Conceptual Basis for Natural Mentoring. Emerging Adulthood, 2013. Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 40–51.
Greeson J.K.P., Usher L., Grinstein-Weiss M. One adult who is crazy about you: can natural mentoring relationships increase assets among young adults with and without foster care experience? Children and Youth Services Review, 2010. Vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 565–577. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.12.003.
How Effective Are Mentoring Programs for Youth? A Systematic Assessment of the Evidence. DuBois D.L., Portillo N.,
Improving family foster care: findings from the Northwest foster care alumni study. Pecora P.J., Kessler R.C., Williams J., O’Brien K., Downs A.C., English D.
Improving Transition Outcomes for Marginalized Youth Career. Gil-Kashiwabara E., Hogansen J.M., Geenen S., Powers K., Powers L.E. Development for Exceptional Individuals, 2007. Vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 80–91.
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Lenz-Rashid S. Employment experiences of young adults: are they different for youth with a history of foster care? Children and Youth Services Review, 2006. Vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 235−259. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2005.03.006.
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Scannapieco M., Connell-Carrick K., Painter K. In their own words: challenges facing youth aging out of foster care. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 2007. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 423−435.
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview: an epidemiologic instrument suitable for use in conjunction with different diagnostic systems and in different cultures. Robins L.N., Wing J., Wittchen H.-U., Helzer J.E., Babor T.F., Burke J., Farmer A., Jablensky A., Pickens R., Regier D.A., Sartorius N., Towle L.H. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1989. Vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 1069–1077. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.1988.01800360017003.
Ware J.E., Kosinski M.,
Yates T.M., Grey I.K. Adapting to aging out: profiles of risk and resilience among emancipated foster youth. Development and Psychopathology, 2012. Vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 475–492. doi: 10.1017/S0954579412000107.