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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 10, no. 4)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Typology of Games in Foreign and National Psychology 6107


Smirnova E.O.
PhD in Psychology, Рrofessor of the Department of Preschool Pedagogics and Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

This article explains the concept of "play" in the European and national science and presents the games typology accepted in European psychology. The article compares the approaches of Western and Russian scientists to the children's game. Based on the book by B. Hughes "Play Types", the author gives a description of the 16 types of children's games. The fundamental difference between Western scholars’ attitude to the game is the emphasis on creativity and autonomy of children in any form of the game. The role of the adult-moderated games is not to manage children's activity, but to stimulate and support creativity of children, even those including dangerous acts. In contrast to it the national tradition supports the adult’s guidance of the game and his/her leading position in it. The adult translates cultural norms to children and the ways of actions (including game). The teacher directs the actions of the child, respectively, and s/he is responsible for their safety. If Western science treats game as a universal means of adaptation to different areas of reality, the national science stands for the development of consciousness and the motivational sphere of the child.

Keywords: game, playworker, type of game, initiative and independence, adaptation to reality, support of games

Column: Developmental psychology

For Reference

  1. Vygotskii L.S. Igra i ee rol' v psikhicheskom razvitii rebenka [The game and its role in the mental development of the child]. Voprosy psikhologii. 1966. no. 6, pp. 5–15. (In Russ.).
  2. Galiguzova L.N., Meshcheryakova S.Yu. Pedagogika detei rannego vozrasta [Pedagogy young children]. M.: VLADOS, 2007. 301 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Smirnova E.O., Ryabkova I.A. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti igrovoi deyatel'nosti sovremennykh doshkol'nikov [Psychological features of modern gaming activities preschoolers]. Voprosy psikhologii, 2013, no. 2, pp. 15–24. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Smirnova E.O., Sokolova M.V. Pravo na igru: novyi kommentarii k stat'e 31 konventsii o pravakh rebenka [Elektronnyi resurs] [Right to Play: a new comment to Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2013, no. 1, pp. 5–11. Available at: (Accessed: 15.12.2014). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  5. El'konin D.B. Psikhologiya igry [Psychology of the game]. M.: Pedagogika, 1978. 304 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Hughes B. Evolutionary Playwork and Reflective Analytic Practice. L.: Routledge, 2001. 320 p.
  7. Hughes B. Play Types: Speculations and Possibilities. Gordon Sturrock, ed. L., 2006. 160 p.



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