Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 2)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Socio-psychological adaptation in later age and conditions of successful aging 2837

Dvoryanchikov N.V.
PhD in Psychology, Dean, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1462-5469
e-mail: dvorian@gmail.com

Sokolinskaya E.V.
PhD in Psychology, medical psychologist, hospital for war veterans №3, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: selena@inbox.ru

Abstract
The article deals with the aspects of social and psychological adaptation in elderly and senile age and analyses the conditions for successful aging. The authors assume that people in elderly age have significant individual characteristics and, as a consequence, research results are often contradictory. It is shown that the socio-psychological adaptation in elderly patients is determined by individual psychological qualities, by specificity of their identity, by strategies of their adaptation to old age. This may be the strategy of the "closed loop" type, that is maintenance of self as an individual, or an alternative strategy, maintaining self as a personality. It was noted that adaptation to old age was flying differently in women and men, which may be due to gender differences in lifestyle, the strongest identification of some men with occupational roles, and of women with homework and family obligations. It is shown that successful aging contributes to the formation of androgynous type of gender identity, which provides flexibility in respond to different situations.

Keywords: socio-psychological adaptation, an elderly and senile age, gender

Column: Social psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2017060306

For Reference

References
  1. Al'perovich V.D. Gerontologiya. Starost'. Sotsiokul'turnyi portret: uchebnoe posobie [Gerontology. Old age. Sociocultural portrait: tutorial]. Moscow: Publishing House Prior, Expert Bureau, 1998. 272 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Vedmedenko L.F., Sokoreva I.E. Meditsinskaya pomoshch' zhenshchinam pozhilogo vozrasta s uchetom ikh psikhoemotsional'nykh osobennostei [Medical care for elderly women taking into account their psychoemotional features]. Klinicheskaya gerontologiya [Clinical gerontology], 2006, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 41–44. (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Ermolaeva M.V. Prakticheskaya psikhologiya starosti [Practical psychology of old age]. Moscow: Publ. Eksmo-Press, 2002. 320 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Kon I.S. Seksologiya: ucheb. posobie dlya stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii [Sexology: tutorial]. Moscow: Academy, 2004. 384 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Liders A.G. Vozrastno – psikhologicheskie osobennosti konsul'tirovaniya pozhilykh lyudei [Age – psychological features of counseling of elderly people]. Psikhologiya zrelosti i stareniya [Psychology of maturity and aging], 1998, no. 4, pp. 13–22. (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Nurkova V.V., Vasilenko D.A. Sila voobrazheniya i slabost' datirovki: o dvukh istochnikakh iskazhenii v avtobiograficheskoi pamyati [The power of imagination and the weakness of dating: about two sources of distortion in autobiographical memory]. Psikhologiya i pravo [Psychology and law], 2017. vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 182–192. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2017070115 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  7. Rean A.A. (ed.). Psikhologiya cheloveka ot rozhdeniya do smerti [The psychology of man from birth to death]. St. Petersburg: prime-EVROZNAK, 2001. 656 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Chudnovsky V.E. K probleme adekvatnosti smysla zhizni [To the problem of adequacy of the meaning of life]. Mir psikhologii [The World of Psychology], 1992, no. 2, pp. 74–80. (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  9. Lee S. et al. Activity Diversity and Its Associations With Psychological Well-Being Across Adulthood. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, gbw118, 2016. 11 p. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw11
  10. Shimonaka Y. et al. Androgyny and succesful adaptation across the life span among. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1997. vol. 158, no. 4, pp. 389–400. doi:10.1080/00221329709596677
  11. Carlson H.M., Steuer J. Age, Sex-Role Categorization, and Psychological Health in American Homosexual and Heterosexual Men and Women. The Journal of Social Psychology, 1984, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 203–211. doi:10.1080/00224545.1985.9922873
  12. Carr D., Sharp S. Do Afterlife Beliefs Affect Psychological Adjustment to Late-Life Spousal Loss? The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69B, no. 1, pp. 103–112. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt063
  13. Clark D.O., Stump T.E., Damush T.M. Outcomes of an Exercise Program for Older Women Recruited through Primary Care. Journal of Aging and Health, 2003, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 567–585. doi:10.1177/0898264303253772
  14. Courtenay W.H. Keeling R.P. Men, Gender, and Health: Toward an Interdisciplinary Approach. Journal of American College Health, 2000, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 243–247. doi:10.1080/07448480009596265
  15. Davidson К. “Why Can’t a Man Be More Like a Woman?”: Marital Status and Social Networking of Older Men. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2004, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 25–43. doi:10.3149/jms.1301.25
  16. Carr D. et al. Do Special Occasions Trigger Psychological Distress Among Older Bereaved Spouses? An Empirical Assessment of Clinical Wisdom. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69B, no. 1, pp. 113–122. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt061
  17. Savla J. et al. Effects of Daily Stressors on the Psychological and Biological Well-being of Spouses of Persons With Mild Cognitive Impairment. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2011, vol. 66B, no. 6, pp. 653–664. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr041
  18. Emslie С., Hunt K., O’Brien R. Masculinities in Older Men: A Qualitative Study in the West of Scotland. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2004, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 207–226. doi:10.3149/jms.1203.207
  19. Galinsky A.M., Waite L.J. Sexual Activity and Psychological Health As Mediators of the Relationship Between Physical Health and Marital Quality. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 482–492. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt165
  20. Greenfield E.A., Reyes L. Continuity and Change in Relationships with Neighbors: Implications for Psychological Well-being in Middle and Later Life. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2015, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 607–618. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu084
  21. Gu D., Feng Q. Psychological Resilience of Chinese Centenarians and Its Associations With Survival and Health: A Fuzzy Set Analysis. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, gbw071, 2016. 10 p. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw071
  22. Hamoudi A., Dowd J.B. Housing Wealth, Psychological Well-being, and Cognitive Functioning of Older Americans. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 253–262. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt114
  23. Murrell S.A., Salsman N.L., Meeks S. Educational attainment, positive psychological mediators, and resources for health and vitality in older adults. Journal of Aging and health, 2003, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 591–615. doi:10.1177/0898264303256198
  24. Sabik N.J. Ageism and Body Esteem: Associations With Psychological Well-Being Among Late Middle-Aged African American and European American Women. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2015, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 189–199. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt080
  25. Sasson I., Umberson D.J. Widowhood and Depression: New Light on Gender Differences, Selection, and Psychological Adjustment. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69B, no. 1, pp. 135–145. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt058
  26. Thompson J.E.H., Patrick M., Whearty P.M. Older Men’s Social Participation: The Importance of Masculinity Ideology. Journal of Men’s Studies, 2004, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 5–24. doi:10.3149/jms.1301.5
  27. Yamada K., Teerawichitchainan B. Living Arrangements and Psychological Well-Being of the Older Adults After the Economic Transition in Vietnam. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2015, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 957–968. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbv059
  28. Yueh-Ping Li, Chen Y.M., Chen C.H, volunteer Transitions and Physical and Psychological Health Among Older Adults in Taiwan. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2013, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 997–1008. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt098
  29. Zurlo K.A., Yoon W.A., Kim H. Unsecured Consumer Debt and Mental Health Outcomes in Middle-Aged and Older Americans. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2014, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 461–469. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu020
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????