Body image and attitude to one's body in adolescent: family and sociocultural factors (based on foreign researches) 396
master degree student at the chair of child and family psychotherapy, department of psychological counseling, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Professor, the head of the Child and family psychotherapy chair, Psychological
counseling faculty, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article provides an overview of foreign studies published between 2014 and 2019 on the problem of body image and attitudes of adolescents to their bodies. The influence of social environment, social networks and family on the formation of body image and satisfaction with it is analyzed. The emphasis is on the studies that consider child-parent relations, parents' attitudes and behaviors towards adolescents, their own attitudes towards their parents and their own attitudes to their own bodies as the main factors convey their behaviors to children. It is shown that the attitude to the body can be a predictor of eating disorders, overweight, depressive symptoms, dysmorphia. The analysis of the presented studies leads to understanding of the necessity in awareness-raising work with the sociocultural and family environment of adolescents, primarily with their parents
Keywords: body image, child-parent relationships, eating disorders, depression, dysmorphia, body mass index, overweight, victimization, media, social networks, parents, peers
Column: Developmental psychology
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