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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 1)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Complex psychological trauma as a consequence of extreme stress 223

Ekimova V.I.
Doctor of Philology, Department of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6968-5253
e-mail: iropse@mail.ru

Luchnikova E.P.
Master Student, Chair of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Department of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1238-5852
e-mail: elenaluchnikova@gmail.com

Abstract
The article presents a brief review of the concept of complex psychological trauma transformations over thirty years, which occurred since the moment when the term Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD) was proposed as a clinical syndrome of multiple psychological traumatization to its official recognition as a diagnostic construct. The article analyzes the dynamics of ideas about the causes and the nature of psychological trauma manifestations under the influence of extreme stress factors, which is reflected in the current nomenclatures of mental and somatic disorders. A comparative analysis of the specific characteristics of various types of psychological traumas that intersect with the term complex PTSD in the conceptual field of trauma psychology is presented. The basic characteristics of complex psychological trauma that distinguish it from similar terms are defined, and the ways of further research in this direction are outlined.

Keywords: complex psychological trauma, extreme stress, stressful mental disorder, complex PTSD, developmental trauma, interpersonal trauma.

Column: Clinical psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2020090105

For Reference

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