Psychological and psychosomatic risk factors of suicidal intentions in adolescents 175
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article presents an overview of modern foreign studies, which aim to study the psychological, somatic and psychosomatic risks of suicidal behavior of adolescents, and, as an empirical illustration, results of the study of psychological and psychosomatic correlates of adolescent depression and suicidality. A rather extensive list of risk factors for suicide, described in foreign literature, was reduced to four classes: somatic (psychosomatic), intrapsychological, socio-psychological, behavioral. It has been shown that the greatest association with suicidal intentions and attempts belongs to depressive states, however, this association, in most cases, is mediated by other predictors of the risk of a suicide. The results of the empirical study described the main psychosomatic dysfunctions in adolescents’ suicides, usually accompanied by asthenic states.
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