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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 1)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Stress and fear in extreme situations 322

Rozenova M.I.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6976-5587
e-mail: profi1234@yandex.ru

Ekimova V.I.
Doctor of Philology, Department of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6968-5253
e-mail: iropse@mail.ru

Kokurin A.V.
associate professor, Department of scientific foundations of extreme psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0454-1691
e-mail: kokurin1@bk.ru

Ognev A.S.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Research Supervisor, Autonomous Non-Profit Organization of Higher Education «Russian new University», Moscow, Russia
e-mail: psychology@rosnou.ru

Efimova O.S.
PhD, Department of Labor Psychology and Psychological Counseling, Faculty of Pedagogy & Psychology, Department of Labor Psychology and Psychological Consulting, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3216-8927
e-mail: efimovao.s.0303@mail.ru

Abstract
Based on the analysis of foreign sources, the article examines the issues of functional interaction between states of fear and stress in an extreme situation. These experiences or states determine important aspects of personality behavior in extreme situations. The paper shows ambiguity and some confusion about understanding the hierarchical functional development of these states: sometimes stress is called the cause of the development of fears, which, in turn, begins to increase stress, or fear acts a source of stress response in a particular situation. Studies by foreign stress specialists show some return to the original (long-known) data regarding understanding the development of stress and methods of relieving its effects. In addition, in foreign literature, the problem of mutual impact of fear and stress in an extreme situation is not sufficiently informative, which allows national studies to fill the gap, and, in a sense, to implement a «pioneering» work.

Keywords: stress, fear, experience, extreme situation, state, interaction, system, response.

Column: Special (branch) psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2020090110

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