Social adaptation of children with cancer after prolonged treatment 46
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychological Rehabilitation of the Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor? chair of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Leading Researcher, Professor, Chair of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation, Department of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State Univerity of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD Student, Chair of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
graduate student, chair of special psychology and rehabilitation, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
The article is an overview of foreign studies on the socialization of children with cancer in medical history. Studies show that the presence of cancer diagnosis is the strongest stress factor for the child, as well as his long-term hospitalization, painful medical procedures, asthenization, emotional deprivation, separation from the usual lifestyle and close relatives. All this negatively affects the psychological state of the child and his reintegration into society after a long-term treatment. Particular attention is paid to publications about the difficulties a child faces when returning to society. They show that children with cancer (cured or in the state of remission) have difficulties in social interaction, learning problems, cognitive difficulties, which can lead to emotional disorders. The studies aimed at assessing the family situation of children with cancer have been analyzed. The article also describes potential strategies aimed at preventing and correcting social maladjustment of children as well as at psychological support of children with cancer and their families.
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