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Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

The influence of quarantine on the indicators of biopsychological age in Russia (longitudinal study) 1515

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Berezina T.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8188-237X
e-mail: tanberez@list.ru

Rybtsov S.A.
PhD, Research Fellow, MRC, Center for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Great Britain
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7786-1878
e-mail: s.rybtsov@ed.ac.uk

Abstract
The influence of quarantine on the indicators of biopsychological age is being investigated, data from studies in different countries are presented. Stress factors are distinguished: the disease itself, post-traumatic stress, quarantine factors (social isolation, malnutrition, decreased physical activity, anxiety). The results of a longitudinal study are presented: 1st measurement – 2019, 2nd measurement -2020 (after six months of quarantine). 394 people aged 35-70 years were examined: adults – 158 (114 women), working pensioners – 28 (19 women), non-working pensioners with chronic diseases – 208 (151 women). Methods for assessing biological age by indicators of health, subjective psychological age, and expected retirement age were used. It is shown that in Russia: 1) the effect of quarantine on the biopsychological age is ambivalent, 2) the psychological age of working individuals has changed, they began to feel younger (by 3.3–7.2 years), the expected retirement age has not changed (remained below the established ); 3) indicators of somatic health did not change – (body weight in women, self-esteem of health), others improved (blood pressure), 4) characteristics of physical development worsened: the duration of static balancing decreased (by 13–37%), the duration of breath holding decreased by inhalation, 5) in working individuals the biological age has increased, and the biological aging index has increased, in women – at the level of a trend, in men – reliably (by 3.9–8 years 6) in non-working pensioners-chronicles there was no increase in the rate of biological aging.

Keywords: quarantine, self-isolation, the impact of a pandemic, biopsychological age, psychological age, biological age, individual aging.

Column: Developmental psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2021100106

For Reference

Funding

The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation, project number 19-18-00058.

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the help in collecting data for the study of the geriatrician E.A. Chumakova, young researchers: F.S. Isyandavletova, Kalaeva A.A., Zaika E.V., Bizina O.I. and direction coordinator G.V. Fatyanov.

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